Managing marine environments: an introduction to issues of sustainability, conservation, planning and implementation
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R. A. Kenchington, 2003. "Managing marine environments: an introduction to issues of sustainability, conservation, planning and implementation", Conserving Marine Environments: Out of sight, out of mind, Pat Hutchings, Daniel Lunney
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The capacity of human activities to have significant impact on marine environments was not regarded as a serious issue until the middle of the 20th century. It is now regarded as a matter of increasing urgency but the evolution of appropriate management measures presents several challenges. This paper discusses the nature and scale of marine ecosystems, their linkage through the water column and how these raise management requirements that are not easily addressed through terrestrial concepts of jurisdictional boundaries and individual rights of access or ownership. It concludes by presenting the case for a marine implementation of multiple use management characterised by a core component of highly protected reference or sanctuary sites within a larger ecosystem-scale area managed for verifiably sustainable use and providing effective buffering for highly protected coresites.