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The framework for coastal planning in New South Wales was established before there was detailed understanding of the environmental values of coastal habitats. Measures to give greater consideration to environmental values have to be applied within a system which gives high weight to western property rights. Inadequate knowledge and changing environments mean that absolute certainty is impossible and that the merits of particular developments will continue to be contested. The proposed comprehensive coastal assessment should improve the decision making process but will not, of itself, be the panacea to solve all problems.

Adam, P. 1985. Chapters 1-6 In Coastal Wetlands of New South Wales. A survey and report prepared for the Coastal Council of New South Wales. Dept. of Environment and Planning: Sydney.
Adam, P. 1993. Botany Bay - the third runway and some issues in environmental assessment. Australian Biologist 6:161-169.
Adam, P. 2001. Wetlands: policy ahead of knowledge? Pp.209-235 In. Ecology, uncertainty and policy. Managing ecosystems for sustainability Edited by Handmer, J. W., Norton, T. W. and Dovers, S. R. Prentice Hall: Harlow.
Adam, P. 2002. Saltmarshes in a time of change. Environmental Conservation 29:39-61.
Adam, P., Stricker, P., Wiecek, B. M. and Anderson, D. J. 1989. The vegetation of seacliffs and headlands in New South Wales, Australia. Australian Journal of Ecology 14:515-547.
Adam, P., Wilson, N. C. and Huntley, B. 1988. The phytosociology of coastal saltmarsh vegetation in New South Wales. Wetlands (Australia) 7:35-85.
Bates, G. M. 2002 Environmental law in Australia. 5th ed. Butterworths: Sydney.
Central Mapping Authority of NSW. 1976 Port Stephens 9332-IV-S 1:25,000 Topographic map. CMA: Orange.
Central Mapping Authority of NSW. 1988 Nowra 9028-3-S 1: 25,000 Topographic map. CMA: Orange.
Central Mapping Authority of NSW, 1998 Crookhaven 9028-2-S 1:25,000 Topographic map. CMA: Orange.
Cleland, K. 1999 Report of the Commission of Inquiry into the Heritage Estate, Jervis Bay. Office of the Commissioners of Inquiry for Environment and Planning: Sydney.
Coastal Council of NSW 2003 New Legislative Support for the NSW Coastal Policy. Coastal Council News #13. March 2003:1.
Environment Australia. 2002 Provision of data for national flora and fauna survey standards. Request for Tender. No.62/2002. Dept. of the Environment and Heritage: Canberra.
Giblett, R. J. 1996 Postmodern wetlands. Culture, history, ecology. Edinburgh University Press: Edinburgh.
Land and Environment Court 2002 Consolidated Expert Witness Practice Direction 23.09.02. Land and Environment Court: Sydney
New South Wales Environment Protection Authority. 2000 State of the Environment Report. NSW EPA: Sydney.
Osborne, R. A. L. 2000. Presidential Address for 1999-2000. Geodiversity: “green” geology in action. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales 122:149-173.
Piper, G. 1980 My one fourteenth million share. Temnor Publications: West Ryde.
Planning NSW 2002 State Environment and Planning Policy no.71 - Coastal Protection. Planning NSW: Sydney.
Rodwell, J. S. (ed.) 2000 British Plant Communities. Vol.5. Maritime communities and vegetation of open habitats. Cambridge University Press: Cambridge.
Tsamenyi, M., Rose, G. and Castle, A. 2003. International Marine Conservation Law and its Implementation in Australia. Pp1-17 in Conserving Marine Environments. Out of sight, out of mind, edited by P. Hutchings and D. Lunney. Royal Zoological Society of NSW, Mosman, NSW.
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Adam, P. 1985. Chapters 1-6 In Coastal Wetlands of New South Wales. A survey and report prepared for the Coastal Council of New South Wales. Dept. of Environment and Planning: Sydney.
Adam, P. 1993. Botany Bay - the third runway and some issues in environmental assessment. Australian Biologist 6:161-169.
Adam, P. 2001. Wetlands: policy ahead of knowledge? Pp.209-235 In. Ecology, uncertainty and policy. Managing ecosystems for sustainability Edited by Handmer, J. W., Norton, T. W. and Dovers, S. R. Prentice Hall: Harlow.
Adam, P. 2002. Saltmarshes in a time of change. Environmental Conservation 29:39-61.
Adam, P., Stricker, P., Wiecek, B. M. and Anderson, D. J. 1989. The vegetation of seacliffs and headlands in New South Wales, Australia. Australian Journal of Ecology 14:515-547.
Adam, P., Wilson, N. C. and Huntley, B. 1988. The phytosociology of coastal saltmarsh vegetation in New South Wales. Wetlands (Australia) 7:35-85.
Bates, G. M. 2002 Environmental law in Australia. 5th ed. Butterworths: Sydney.
Central Mapping Authority of NSW. 1976 Port Stephens 9332-IV-S 1:25,000 Topographic map. CMA: Orange.
Central Mapping Authority of NSW. 1988 Nowra 9028-3-S 1: 25,000 Topographic map. CMA: Orange.
Central Mapping Authority of NSW, 1998 Crookhaven 9028-2-S 1:25,000 Topographic map. CMA: Orange.
Cleland, K. 1999 Report of the Commission of Inquiry into the Heritage Estate, Jervis Bay. Office of the Commissioners of Inquiry for Environment and Planning: Sydney.
Coastal Council of NSW 2003 New Legislative Support for the NSW Coastal Policy. Coastal Council News #13. March 2003:1.
Environment Australia. 2002 Provision of data for national flora and fauna survey standards. Request for Tender. No.62/2002. Dept. of the Environment and Heritage: Canberra.
Giblett, R. J. 1996 Postmodern wetlands. Culture, history, ecology. Edinburgh University Press: Edinburgh.
Land and Environment Court 2002 Consolidated Expert Witness Practice Direction 23.09.02. Land and Environment Court: Sydney
New South Wales Environment Protection Authority. 2000 State of the Environment Report. NSW EPA: Sydney.
Osborne, R. A. L. 2000. Presidential Address for 1999-2000. Geodiversity: “green” geology in action. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales 122:149-173.
Piper, G. 1980 My one fourteenth million share. Temnor Publications: West Ryde.
Planning NSW 2002 State Environment and Planning Policy no.71 - Coastal Protection. Planning NSW: Sydney.
Rodwell, J. S. (ed.) 2000 British Plant Communities. Vol.5. Maritime communities and vegetation of open habitats. Cambridge University Press: Cambridge.
Tsamenyi, M., Rose, G. and Castle, A. 2003. International Marine Conservation Law and its Implementation in Australia. Pp1-17 in Conserving Marine Environments. Out of sight, out of mind, edited by P. Hutchings and D. Lunney. Royal Zoological Society of NSW, Mosman, NSW.
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