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Although feeding wildlife in urban settings appears to be widespread in Australia, there is little information on why people do it. This two-part qualitative investigation used a grounded theory approach to present the perspectives of two groups with interests in the practice, namely wildlife managers and a self-identified group of people who feed wildlife. The initial phase consisted of 29 unstructured, in-depth interviews with wildlife feeders, people negatively affected by wildlife feeding, wildlife managers and wildlife policy makers. Analysis of these data informed the second phase of the study, the drafting and mail out of an open-ended questionnaire to 220 residents of southeast Queensland who volunteered to take part in the study. Returned surveys were analysed for content and theme. The most common theme throughout the datasets was that of dependency. Dependency was perceived as both a positive and negative aspect of feeding. Both managers and those who feed wildlife expressed concerns for the welfare of wildlife. However, managers expressed their opposition to feeding as a threat to welfare while feeders claimed the practice improved the welfare of wildlife. A conclusion drawn from the study is that the different constructions of wildlife by the two groups could be linked to the way in which wildlife knowledge is acquired: strongly knowledge-based for wildlife managers and primarily experience-based for feeders.

Anon. 1996. Please don't feed them. Ranger. 36: 38-39.
Aslin, H.J 1996. Speaking of the wild. Unpublished PhD, Australian National University, Canberra.
Adams, C. E., Leifester, J. A. and Herron J. S. C. 1997. Understanding wildlife constituents: birders and waterfowl hunters. Wildlife Society Bulletin, 25: 653-660.
Burns, G. L. and Howard, P. J. In press.When wildlife tourism goes wrong: a case study of stakeholders and management issues regarding Dingoes on Fraser Island, Australia. Tourism Management.
Cannon, A. 1999. The significance of private gardens for bird conservation. Bird Conservation International. 9: 287-297.
Cannon, C. E. 1984. Movements of lorikeets with an artificially supplemented diet. Australian Wildlife Research. 11: 173-179.
Conover, M. R. 2002 Resolving human-wildlife conflicts: the science of wildlife damage management. Lewis Publishers, London.
Deis, R. 1986. Is bird feeding a no-no? Defenders. 54: 17-18.
Elliot, R. 1994 Attracting wildlife to your garden.Lothian Books, Melbourne.
Knight, R. L. and Anderson D. P. 1990. Effects of supplemental feeding on an avian scavenging guild. Wildlife Society Bulletin. 18: 188-394.
Kofron, C. P. 1999. Attacks to humans and domestic animals by the Southern Cassowary ( Casuaris casuaris johnsonii) in Queensland, Australia. London Zoological Journal. 249: 375-381.
Low, T. 2002 The New Nature. Penguin, Melbourne, Australia.
McLees, B. 2000 Feeding wildlife right or wrong? Community attitudes towards feeding wildlife in Melbourne Australia, and implications for management. Honours thesis. School of Ecology and Environment, Deakin University, Melbourne.
Orams, M. B. 2002. Feeding wildlife as a tourist attraction: a review of issues and impacts. Tourism Management. 23: 281-293.
Petterson, R. T. 2000 Feeder Birds. Houghton Mifflin, New York.
Pizzey, G. 2000 The Australian Bird Garden. Creating Havens for Native Birds. Angus and Robertson, Sydney.
Rollinson, D. J., O'Leary, R., and Jones, D. J. In press. The practise of wildlife feeding in suburban Brisbane. Corella.
Ryan, M. (Ed.). 1995 Wildlife of Greater Brisbane. Queensland Museum, Brisbane.
Savard, J. L., Clergeau, P. and Mennechez, G. 2000. Biodiversity concepts and urban ecosystems. Landscape and urban planning. 18: 131-142.
Thomas, L. 2000 Wildlife and humans in a suburban setting. PhD, Australian School of Environmental Studies, Griffith University, Brisbane.
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References

Anon. 1996. Please don't feed them. Ranger. 36: 38-39.
Aslin, H.J 1996. Speaking of the wild. Unpublished PhD, Australian National University, Canberra.
Adams, C. E., Leifester, J. A. and Herron J. S. C. 1997. Understanding wildlife constituents: birders and waterfowl hunters. Wildlife Society Bulletin, 25: 653-660.
Burns, G. L. and Howard, P. J. In press.When wildlife tourism goes wrong: a case study of stakeholders and management issues regarding Dingoes on Fraser Island, Australia. Tourism Management.
Cannon, A. 1999. The significance of private gardens for bird conservation. Bird Conservation International. 9: 287-297.
Cannon, C. E. 1984. Movements of lorikeets with an artificially supplemented diet. Australian Wildlife Research. 11: 173-179.
Conover, M. R. 2002 Resolving human-wildlife conflicts: the science of wildlife damage management. Lewis Publishers, London.
Deis, R. 1986. Is bird feeding a no-no? Defenders. 54: 17-18.
Elliot, R. 1994 Attracting wildlife to your garden.Lothian Books, Melbourne.
Knight, R. L. and Anderson D. P. 1990. Effects of supplemental feeding on an avian scavenging guild. Wildlife Society Bulletin. 18: 188-394.
Kofron, C. P. 1999. Attacks to humans and domestic animals by the Southern Cassowary ( Casuaris casuaris johnsonii) in Queensland, Australia. London Zoological Journal. 249: 375-381.
Low, T. 2002 The New Nature. Penguin, Melbourne, Australia.
McLees, B. 2000 Feeding wildlife right or wrong? Community attitudes towards feeding wildlife in Melbourne Australia, and implications for management. Honours thesis. School of Ecology and Environment, Deakin University, Melbourne.
Orams, M. B. 2002. Feeding wildlife as a tourist attraction: a review of issues and impacts. Tourism Management. 23: 281-293.
Petterson, R. T. 2000 Feeder Birds. Houghton Mifflin, New York.
Pizzey, G. 2000 The Australian Bird Garden. Creating Havens for Native Birds. Angus and Robertson, Sydney.
Rollinson, D. J., O'Leary, R., and Jones, D. J. In press. The practise of wildlife feeding in suburban Brisbane. Corella.
Ryan, M. (Ed.). 1995 Wildlife of Greater Brisbane. Queensland Museum, Brisbane.
Savard, J. L., Clergeau, P. and Mennechez, G. 2000. Biodiversity concepts and urban ecosystems. Landscape and urban planning. 18: 131-142.
Thomas, L. 2000 Wildlife and humans in a suburban setting. PhD, Australian School of Environmental Studies, Griffith University, Brisbane.
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