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A community-based survey by 723 volunteers investigated the relationships between small birds, aggressive birds and garden vegetation. Seven species of small bird were targeted in the survey, and all seven species were less likely to be recorded from gardens in which Noisy Miners were present. The distribution of the Noisy Miner was unrelated to the vegetation composition of gardens. Noisy Miners were equally likely to be present in gardens comprised of Australian native species, exotic species or a mixture of the two. However, several species of small bird, notably the Superb Fairy-wren, Eastern Spinebill and Eastern Yellow Robin, were more likely to be encountered in gardens comprised predominantly of Australian natives. A second aim of the survey was to increase public awareness of issues concerning the status and ecology of birds in Australian cities. The project was reported by several newspapers and radio stations, and there was considerable feedback by telephone, from council newsletters and via the internet, which suggested that the information had reached a diverse audience. This first module of the Birds in Backyards program has provided a good indication that community-based surveys have considerable potential both to collect useful data and to increase community understanding of the ecology of urban wildlife.

Arnold, K. A. 2000. Group mobbing behaviour in a cooperatively breeding Australian bird. Ethology 106:385-393.
Bass, D. A. 1995. The contribution of introduced fruits to the winter diet of Pied Currawongs in Armidale, N. S. W. Corella 19: 127-132.
Buchanan, R. A. 1989. Pied Currawongs ( Strepera graculina): Their diet and role in weed dispersal in suburban New South Wales. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales. 111: 241-255.
Catterall, C. 2004. Birds, garden plants and suburban bushlots: where good intentions meet unexpected outcomes. Pp 21-31 in Urban Wildlife: more than meets the eye, edited by D. Lunney and S. Burgin. Royal Zoological Society of NSW, Mosman, NSW.
Cooper, C., and Cooper, R. 1981. Observations on the food sources utilised by Pied Currawongs. Australian Birds 15: 50-52.
Dow, D. D. 1977. Indiscriminate interspecific aggression leading to almost sole occupancy of space by a single species of bird. Emu 77: 115-121.
Erz, W. 1966. Ecological principles in the urbanisation of birds. Proceedings of the Second Pan-African Ornithological Congress, Pietermaritzburg, Natal, South Africa. Ostrich. Supplement 6: 357-364.
Green, R. J. 1984. Native and exotic birds in a suburban habitat. Australian Wildlife Research 11: 181-190.
Grey, M., Clarke, M. F., and Loyn, R. H. 1997. Initial changes in the avian communities of remnant Eucalyptus woodlands following a reduction in the abundance of Noisy Miners, Manorina melanocephala. Wildlife Research 24: 631-648.
Grey, M. J., Clarke, M. F., and Loyn, R. H. 1998. Influence of the Noisy Miner Manorina melanocephala on avian diversity and abundance in remnant Grey Box woodland. Pacific Conservation Biology 4: 55-69.
Hoskin, E. S., Hindwood, K. A., and McGill, A. R. 1991 Birds of Sydney. 2nd ed. Surrey Beatty & Sons Pty Ltd, Chipping Norton.
Low, T. 1994. Invasion of the savage honeyeaters. Australian Natural History 24, 26-33.
Major, R. E., Gowing, G., and Kendel, C. E. 1996. Nest predation in Australian urban environments and the role of the Pied Currawong, Strepera graculina. Australian Journal of Ecology 21: 399-409.
Priddel, D., and Carlile, N. 1995. Mortality of adult Gould's Petrels Pterodroma leucoptera leucoptera at the nesting site on Cabbage Tree Island, New South Wales. Emu 95: 259-264.
Recher, H. F. 1972. The vertebrate fauna of Sydney. In The city as a life system. ed. H. A. Nix. Proceedings of the Ecological Society of Australia, Volume 7, Canberra.
Sewell, S. R., and Catterall, C. P. 1998. Bushland modifications and styles of urban development: their effects on birds in southeast Queensland. Wildlife Research 25: 41-63.
Suhonen, J., and Jokimaki, J. 1988. A biogeographical comparison of the breeding bird species assemblages in twenty Finnish urban parks. Ornis Fennica 65: 76-83.
Tomialojc, L. 1985. Urbanisation as a test of adaptive potentials in birds. Acta XVIII Congress of International Ornithology, Moscow 2:580-588.
Tomialojc, L., and Profus, P. 1977. Comparative analysis of breeding bird communities in two parks of Wroclaw and in an adjacent Querco carpinetum forest. Acta Ornithologica 29: 117-171.
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References

Arnold, K. A. 2000. Group mobbing behaviour in a cooperatively breeding Australian bird. Ethology 106:385-393.
Bass, D. A. 1995. The contribution of introduced fruits to the winter diet of Pied Currawongs in Armidale, N. S. W. Corella 19: 127-132.
Buchanan, R. A. 1989. Pied Currawongs ( Strepera graculina): Their diet and role in weed dispersal in suburban New South Wales. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales. 111: 241-255.
Catterall, C. 2004. Birds, garden plants and suburban bushlots: where good intentions meet unexpected outcomes. Pp 21-31 in Urban Wildlife: more than meets the eye, edited by D. Lunney and S. Burgin. Royal Zoological Society of NSW, Mosman, NSW.
Cooper, C., and Cooper, R. 1981. Observations on the food sources utilised by Pied Currawongs. Australian Birds 15: 50-52.
Dow, D. D. 1977. Indiscriminate interspecific aggression leading to almost sole occupancy of space by a single species of bird. Emu 77: 115-121.
Erz, W. 1966. Ecological principles in the urbanisation of birds. Proceedings of the Second Pan-African Ornithological Congress, Pietermaritzburg, Natal, South Africa. Ostrich. Supplement 6: 357-364.
Green, R. J. 1984. Native and exotic birds in a suburban habitat. Australian Wildlife Research 11: 181-190.
Grey, M., Clarke, M. F., and Loyn, R. H. 1997. Initial changes in the avian communities of remnant Eucalyptus woodlands following a reduction in the abundance of Noisy Miners, Manorina melanocephala. Wildlife Research 24: 631-648.
Grey, M. J., Clarke, M. F., and Loyn, R. H. 1998. Influence of the Noisy Miner Manorina melanocephala on avian diversity and abundance in remnant Grey Box woodland. Pacific Conservation Biology 4: 55-69.
Hoskin, E. S., Hindwood, K. A., and McGill, A. R. 1991 Birds of Sydney. 2nd ed. Surrey Beatty & Sons Pty Ltd, Chipping Norton.
Low, T. 1994. Invasion of the savage honeyeaters. Australian Natural History 24, 26-33.
Major, R. E., Gowing, G., and Kendel, C. E. 1996. Nest predation in Australian urban environments and the role of the Pied Currawong, Strepera graculina. Australian Journal of Ecology 21: 399-409.
Priddel, D., and Carlile, N. 1995. Mortality of adult Gould's Petrels Pterodroma leucoptera leucoptera at the nesting site on Cabbage Tree Island, New South Wales. Emu 95: 259-264.
Recher, H. F. 1972. The vertebrate fauna of Sydney. In The city as a life system. ed. H. A. Nix. Proceedings of the Ecological Society of Australia, Volume 7, Canberra.
Sewell, S. R., and Catterall, C. P. 1998. Bushland modifications and styles of urban development: their effects on birds in southeast Queensland. Wildlife Research 25: 41-63.
Suhonen, J., and Jokimaki, J. 1988. A biogeographical comparison of the breeding bird species assemblages in twenty Finnish urban parks. Ornis Fennica 65: 76-83.
Tomialojc, L. 1985. Urbanisation as a test of adaptive potentials in birds. Acta XVIII Congress of International Ornithology, Moscow 2:580-588.
Tomialojc, L., and Profus, P. 1977. Comparative analysis of breeding bird communities in two parks of Wroclaw and in an adjacent Querco carpinetum forest. Acta Ornithologica 29: 117-171.
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