Skip to Main Content
Skip Nav Destination

The direct impacts of logging on the arboreal, solitary brush-tailed phascogale were investigated in jarrah forest in south-western Australia. Individuals were monitored before, during and after logging in the Kingston Forest in 1995. The study was complicated by the effects of a drought, but sufficient radiotelemetry-based data were gathered to reveal a high level (31%) of foraging activity in logged areas, although negligible (1%) nesting in trees in logged areas. The most parsimonious explanation for the latter was that logging removed most hollow-bearing trees. Data concurrently collected on the number of possums found in the hollows of felled trees supported that view. Phascogale abundance declined throughout the logging study, but this was initially due to drought. When the research ended in 1997 a post-drought population recovery had occurred in the neighbouring unlogged area of Perup, but not in the logged area. No phascogales have been trapped by CALM since 1995 and only five have been seen during CALM spotlight monitoring (1995-2001) in Kingston and surrounding forests. Logging as conducted, coupled with management plans allowing logging of unlogged corridors/buffers, and a recutting rotation shorter than 120 years, would appear unlikely to provide for the long term hollow needs of arboreal marsupials in this area.

Abbott, I. and Loneragan, O. 1986. Ecology of jarrah ( Eucalyptus marginata) in the northern jarrah forest of Western Australia. Department of Conservation and Land Management, Western Australia. Bulletin No. 1.
Abbott, I. and Van Heurck, P. 1985. Response of bird populations in jarrah and marri forest in Western Australia following removal of half the canopy of the jarrah forest. Australian Forestry 48: 227-234.
Abbott, I. and Whitford, K. 2002. Conservation of vertebrate fauna using hollows in forest of south-west Western Australia: strategic risk assessment in relation to ecology, policy, planning and operations management. Pacific Conservation Biology 7: 240-255.
Abbott, I., Mellican, A., Craig, M.D., Williams, M., Liddelow. G., and Wheeler, I. 2003. Short-term logging and burning impacts on species richness, abundance and community structure of birds in open eucalypt forest in Western Australia. Wildlife Research 30: 321-329.
Alexander, J. S. A., Scotts, D. J., and Loyn, R. H. 2002. Impacts of timber harvesting on mammals, reptiles and nocturnal birds in native hardwood forests of East Gippsland, Victoria: a retrospective approach. Australian Forestry 65: 182-210.
Braithwaite, L. W., Dudzinski, M. L. and Turner, J. 1983. Studies on the arboreal marsupial fauna of eucalypt forest being harvested for woodpulp at Eden, NSW. II. Relationship between the fauna density, richness and diversity and measured variables of the habitat. Australian Wildlife Research 10: 231-247.
Braithwaite, W. 1991. Arboreal mammals of the Eden (New South Wales). Woodchip forests: a regional survey. Pp. 127-133 in Nature Conservation: Cost Effective Biological Surveys and Data Analysis, edited by. C. R. Margules and M. P. Austin. CSIRO: Melbourne, Victoria.
CALM. 1991. Silvicultural Specifications 2/91. Tree Marking and Silvicultural Treatment in the Jarrah Forest. Department of Conservation and Land Management: Western Australia.
CALM. 1995. Silvicultural Guidelines 1/95. Silvicultural Practice in the Jarrah Forest. Department of Conservation and Land Management: Western Australia.
CALM 1996. Department of Conservation and Land Management. Interim Report Number 1. The impact of timber harvesting and associated activities on medium sized mammals in the jarrah forest. By K. D. Morris, G. R. Friend, B. W. Johnson, C. Ward, J. Rooney and M. Dillon. CALM Science and Information Division, Perth.
CALM 2001. Ministerial Condition 11: Panel Report Part 1: October 2001. Unpublished internal report. Department of Conservation and Land Management: Western Australia.
Christensen, P. E. S. 1980. The biology of Bettongia penicillata (Gray, 1937), and Macropus eugenii (Desmarest, 1817) in relation to fire. Forests Department of Western Australia, Bulletin No. 91.
Conservation Commission of Western Australia 2003 Forest Management Plan 2004-2013. Conservation Commission of Western Australia: Western Australia.
Cuttle, P. 1982. Life history strategy of the dasyurid marsupial Phascogale tapoatafa. Pp. 13-22 in Carnivorous Marsupials, edited by M. Archer. Royal Zoological Society of New South Wales: Mosman, NSW.
Doherty, M. 1998 The conservation value of regrowth native plant communities: a review. CSIRO: Canberra. Report prepared for the New South Wales Scientific Committee.
Driscoll, D., Milkovits, G., and Freudenberger, D. 2000 Impact and Use of Firewood in Australia. CSIRO Sustainable Ecosystems.
Elashoff, J. D., 1997 nQuery Advisor Version 2.0 Users' Guide. Dixon Associates, Los Angeles, CA.
Friend, G. R. 1979. The response of small mammals to clearing and burning of eucalypt forest in south-eastern Australia. Australian Wildlife Research 6: 151-163.
Gibbons, P. and Lindenmayer, D. B. 1996. Issues associated with the retention of hollow-bearing trees within eucalypt forests managed for wood production. Forest Ecology and Management 83: 245-279.
Gibbons, P. and Lindenmayer, D. B. 2002 Tree Hollows and Wildlife Conservation in Australia. CSIRO Publishing, Victoria.
Green, R. H. 1989. Power analysis and practical strategies for environmental monitoring. Environmental Research 50: 195-205.
How, R. A. 1972 The Ecology and Management of Trichosurus Species (Marsupialia) in N.S.W. Ph. D. Thesis, University of New England, Australia.
Inions, G., Tanton, M. T, And Davey, S. M. 1989. Effect of fire on the availability of hollows in trees used by the common brushtail possum, Trichosurus vulpecula (Kerr, 1792), and the ringtail possum, Pseudocheirus peregrinus (Boddaerts, 1785). Australian Wildlife Research 16: 449-458.
Lee, A. K. and Cockburn, A. 1985 Evolutionary Ecology of Marsupials. Cambridge University Press: Cambridge.
Lindenmayer, D. B. and Franklin, J. F. 2002 Conserving forest biodiversity: a comprehensive multiscaled approach. Island Press, Washington, DC.
Lunney, D. 1987. Effects of logging, fire and drought on possums and gliders in the coastal forests near Bega, N.S.W. Australian Wildlife Research 14: 263-274.
Margules, C. R. and Pressey, R. L. 2000. Systematic Conservation Planning. Nature 405: 243-253.
Maxwell, S., Burbidge, A. and Morris, K. (eds). 1996 The 1996 Action Plan for Australian Marsupials and Monotremes. Wildlife Australia: Canberra.
McComb, W., Faunt, K., Bradshaw, F. J. And Biggs, P. 1994. Hollow availability for selected vertebrates in jarrah forests, Western Australia. In Mapping potential habitat for vertebrates in forest of Western Australia: Final report. Unpublished; compiled by W. McComb for the Department of Conservation and Land Management: Western Australia.
McIlroy, J. C. 1978. The effects of forestry practices on wildlife in Australia: a review. Australian Forestry 41: 78-94.
Meredith, C. W. 1984. Possums or poles? - the effects of silvicultural management on the possums of Chiltern State Park, northeast Victoria. Pp. 575-577 in Possums and Gliders, edited by A. P. Smith and I. D. Hume. Australian Mammal Society, and Surrey Beatty and Sons, Chipping Norton, NSW.
Mohr, C. O. 1947. Table of equivalent populations of North American small mammals. American Midland Naturalist 37: 223-249.
Morris, K., Johnson, B., Rooney, J. and Ward, C. 2000. The short-term impacts of timber harvesting and associated activities on the abundance of medium-sized mammals in the Jarrah forest of Western Australia. Pp. 60-70 in Nature Conservation 5: Nature Conservation in Production Environments: Managing the Matrix, edited by J. L. Craig, N Mitchell and D.A. Saunders. Surrey Beatty and Sons, Chipping Norton, NSW.
Norton, T. W and May, S. A. 1994. Towards sustainable forestry in Australian temperate eucalypt forests: ecological impacts and priorities for conservation, research and management. Pp. 10-30 in Ecology and Sustainability of Southern Temperate Ecosystems, edited by T. W. Norton and S. R. Dovers. CSIRO: Australia.
Norwood, C., Wardell-Johnson, G., Majer, J. D. and Williams, M. 1995. Short-term influences of edge and gap creation on bird populations in jarrah forest, Western Australia. Australian Forestry 58: 48-57.
Recher, H. F. 1991. The conservation and management of eucalypt forest birds: resource requirements for nesting and foraging. Pp. 25-34 in Conservation of Australia's Forest Fauna, edited by D. Lunney. Royal Zoological Society of NSW, Mosman, NSW.
Recher, H. F. 1996. Conservation and management of eucalypt forest vertebrates. Pp. 339-388 in Conservation of Faunal Diversity in Forested Landscapes, edited by R. M. DeGraaf and R. I. Miller. Chapman and Hall: London.
Recher, H., Rohan-Jones, W. and Smith, P. 1980 Effects of the Eden woodchip industry on terrestrial vertebrates with recommendations for management. Forestry Commission (NSW). Research Note No. 42.
Resource Assessment Commission (RAC) 1992 Forest and Timber Inquiry Final Report; Vol. 1. Resource Assessment Commission, Canberra.
Rhind, S. G. 1996. Habitat tree requirements and the effects of removal during logging on the marsupial Brush-tailed Phascogale ( Phascogale tapoatafa) in Western Australia. The Western Australian Naturalist 21: 1-22. See also errata Vol 22.
Rhind, S. G. 1998 Ecology of the brush-tailed phascogale in jarrah forest of south-western Australia. PhD thesis, Murdoch University, Western Australia.
Rhind, S. G. 2002. Reproductive demographics among brush-tailed phascogales ( Phascogale tapoatafa) in south-western Australia. Wildlife Research. 29: 247-257.
Rhind. S. G. 2003. Communal nesting in the usually solitary marsupial Phascogale tapoatafa. Journal of Zoology (London). 26: 345-351.
Rhind, S. G. and Bradley, J. S. 2002. The effect of drought on body size, growth and abundance of wild brush-tailed phascogales ( Phascogale tapoatafa) in south-western Australia. Wildlife Research. 29: 235-245.
Risbey, D. A., Calver, M. C., Short, J., Bradley, J. S., and Wright, I. W. 2000. The impacts of cats and foxes on the small vertebrate fauna of Heirisson Prong, Western Australia. II. A field experiment. Wildlife Research 27: 223-235.
Scarff, F. R., Rhind, S.G. and Bradley, J. S. 1998. Diet and foraging behaviour of brush-tailed phascogales ( Phascogale tapoatafa) in jarrah forest of south-western Australia. Wildlife Research 25: 511-526.
Serena, M. and Soderquist, T. R. 1988. Growth and development of captive and wild pouch young of Dasyurus geoffroii (Dasyuridae: Marsupialia). Australian Journal of Zoology 36: 533-543.
Smith, A. P. and Lindenmayer, D. 1988. Tree hollow requirements of Leadbeater's possum and other possums and gliders in timber production ash forest of the Victorian Central Highlands. Australian Wildlife Research 15: 347-362.
Soderquist, T. R. 1993a. Maternal strategies of Phascogale tapoatafa (Marsupialia: Dasyuridae). I. Breeding seasonality and maternal investment. Australian Journal of Zoology 41: 549-566.
Soderquist, T. R. 1993b. An expanding break-away radio-collar for small mammals. Wildlife Research 20: 383-386.
Soderquist, T. R. 1994 Reproductive Strategies of Phascogale tapoatafa (Marsupialia: Dasyuridae). PhD thesis, Monash University, Melbourne. Australia.
Soderquist, T. R. 1995a. Brush-tailed phascogale Phascogale tapoatafa. Pp. 104-106 in The Mammals of Australia, edited by R. Strahan. Reed Books: Sydney.
Soderquist, T. R. 1995b. Spatial organisation of the arboreal carnivorous marsupial Phascogale tapoatafa. Australian Journal of Zoology 237: 385-398.
Soderquist, T. R., Traill, B. J., Faris, F. and Beasley, K. 1996. Using nest boxes to survey for the brush-tailed phascogale Phascogale tapoatafa. The Victorian Naturalist 113: 256-261.
Soule, M. E., Estes, J. A., Berger, J. and Martinez del Rio, C. 2003. Ecological effectiveness: conservation goals for interactive species. Conservation Biology 17: 1238-1250.
Stoneman, G. L., Bradshaw, F. J. and Christensen, P. 1989. Silviculture. Pp. 335-355 in The Jarrah Forest: A Complex Mediterranean Ecosystem, edited by B. Dell, J. J. Havel and N. Malajczuk. Kluwer Academic Publishers: USA.
Thomas, L. and Juanes, F. 1996. The importance of statistical power analysis: an example from Animal Behaviour. Animal Behaviour 52: 856-859.
Todd, I. A. 1992 Wildtrak Nonparametric Home Range Analysis for Macintosh Computers. Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, UK.
Traill, B. J. 1991. Box-ironbark forests: tree hollows, wildlife and management. Pp. 119-23 in Conservation of Australia's Forest Fauna, edited by D. Lunney. Royal Zoological Society of NSW: Mosman, Australia.
Traill, B. J. and Coates, T. D. 1993. Field observations on the brush-tailed phascogale Phascogale tapoatafa (Marsupialia: Dasyuridae). Australian Mammalogy 16: 61-65.
Tyndale-Biscoe, C. H. and Calaby, J. H. 1975. Eucalypt forests as refuges for wildlife. Australian Forestry 38: 117-133.
Tyndale-Biscoe, C. H. and Smith, R. F. C. 1969. Studies on the marsupial glider, Schoinobates volans (Kerr). III. Response to habitat destruction. Journal of Animal Ecology 38: 651-659.
Twigg, L. E, Martin, G. R., Eastman, A. F., King, D. R. and Kirkpatrick, W. E. 2003. Sensitivity of some Australian animals to sodium fluoroacetate (1080): additional species and populations, and some ecological considerations. Australian Journal of Zoology 51: 515-531.
Van der Ree, R., Soderquist, T. R., and Bennett, A. F. 2001. Home-range use by the brush-tailed phascogale ( Phascogale tapoatafa) (Marsupialia) in high-quality spatially limited habitat. Wildlife Research 28: 517-525.
Wayne, A., Ward, C., Rooney, J., and Wheeler, I. 2000. The immediate impacts of timber harvesting and associated activities on the Ngwayir ( Pseudocheirus occidentalis) in the Jarrah forest of Kingston State Forest. Progress report. Department of Conservation and Land Management: Western Australia.
Wayne, A., Rooney, J., Ward, C., Wheeler, I. and Mellican, A. 2001. Spotlight surveys to investigate the impacts of timber harvesting and associated activities within the jarrah forest of Kingston State Forest, with particular reference to the koomal ( Trichosurus vulpecula) and ngwayir ( Pseudocheirus occidentalis). Progress report. Department of Conservation and Land Management: Western Australia.
Whitford, K.R. 2001. Dimensions of tree hollows used by birds and mammals in the jarrah forest: improving the dimensional description of potentially usable hollows. CALMScience 3: 499-511.
Whitford, K.R. 2002. Hollows in jarrah ( Eucalyptus marginata) and marri ( Corymbia calophylla) trees: I. Hollow sizes trees attributes and ages. Forest Ecology and Management 160: 201-214.
Whitford, K.R. and Williams, M.R. 2001. Survival of jarrah ( Eucalyptus marginata Sm.) and marri ( Corymbia calophylla Lindl.) habitat trees retained after logging. Forest Ecology and Management 146: 181-197.
Whitford, K.R. and Williams, M.R. 2002. Hollows in jarrah ( Eucalyptus marginata) and marri ( Corymbia calophylla) trees: II. selecting trees to retain for hollow-dependent fauna. Forest Ecology and Management 160: 215-232.
Wilson, B. A. 1991. Conservation of forest fauna in Victoria. Pp. 281-99 in Conservation of Australia's Forest Fauna, edited by D. Lunney. Royal Zoological Society of NSW: Mosman, Australia.
This content is PDF only. Please click on the PDF icon to access.
Close Modal

or Create an Account

Close Modal
Close Modal