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The Northern Territory contains about 20% of Australia's eucalypt forests, and of the nation's forests and woodlands generally. Relative to forests and woodlands in other jurisdictions, clearing rates have been low and these forests remain largely continuous. This paper briefly reviews the main forest and woodland types of the Northern Territory, noting characteristics of their fauna and their main management issues. The conservation threats are pervasive and insidious: landscape-wide degradation by weeds and exotic animals, and sub-optimal fire regimes. Largely unrecognised in the general community, these threats are eroding the great national asset of a vast relatively unmodified forest ecosystem.

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References

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Woinarski, J.C.Z., Brock, C., Fisher, A., Milne, D. and Oliver, B., 1999b. Response of birds and reptiles to fire regimes on pastoral land in the Victoria River District, Northern Territory. The Rangeland Journal 21: 24-38.
Woinarski, J.C.Z., Horner, P., Fisher, A., Brennan, K., Lindner, D., Gambold, N., Chatto, R. and Morris, I., 1999c. Distributional patterning of terrestrial herpetofauna on the Wessel and English Company Island groups, north-eastern Arnhem Land, Northern Territory, Australia. Australian Journal of Ecology 24: 60-79.
Woinarski, J.C.Z., Palmer, C., Fisher, A., Southgate, R., Masters, P. and Brennan, K., 1999d. Distributional patterning of mammals on the Wessel and English Company islands, Arnhem Land, Northern Territory, Australia. Australian Journal of Zoology 47: 87-111.
Woinarski, J.C.Z., Franklin, D. and Connors, G., 2000a. Thinking honeyeater: nectar maps for the Northern Territory, Australia, showing spatial and temporal variation in nectar availability. Pacific Conservation Biology 6: 61-80.
Woinarski, J.C.Z., Brock, C., Armstrong, M., Hempel, C., Cheal, D. and Brennan, K., 2000b. Bird distribution in riparian vegetation of an Australian tropical savanna: a broadscale survey and analysis of distributional data base. Journal of Biogeography 27: 843-868.
Woinarski, J., Brennan, K., Hempel, C., Firth, R. and Watt, F., 2000c Biodiversity conservation on the Tiwi Islands: plants, vegetation types and terrestrial vertebrates on Melville Island. Report to the Tiwi Land Council. Parks and Wildlife Commission of the Northern Territory: Darwin.
Woinarski, J.C.Z., Milne, D.J. and Wanganeen, G., 2001a. Changes in mammal populations in relatively intact landscapes of Kakadu National Park, Northern Territory, Australia. Austral Ecology 26: 360-370.
Woinarski, J.C.Z., Fisher, A., Brennan, K., Morris, I. and Chatto, R., 2001b. Patterns of bird species richness on islands off Arnhem Land, Northern Territory, Australia. Australian Journal of Ecology 26: 1-13.
Woinarski, J.C.Z., Andersen, A.N., Churchill, T. and Ash, A.J., 2002a. Response of ant and terrestrial spider assemblages to pastoral and military land use, and to landscape position, in a tropical savanna woodland in northern Australia. Austral Ecology 27: 324-333.
Woinarski, J., Watson, M. and Gambold, N., 2002b Vertebrate monitoring and resampling in Kakadu National Park. Report to Parks Australia North. Parks and Wildlife Commission of the Northern Territory: Darwin.
Woinarski, J.C.Z., Risler, J. and Kean, L., submitted, a. The response of vegetation and vertebrate fauna to 23 years of fire exclusion in a tropical Eucalyptus open forest, Northern Territory, Australia. Austral Ecology.
Woinarski, J.C.Z., Williams, R.J., Price, O. and Rankmore, B., submitted, b. Landscapes without boundaries: measuring quality of wildlife habitat in northern Australia. Wildlife Research.
Yibarbuk D., Whitehead P.J., Russell-Smith J., Jackson D., Godjuwa C., Cooke P., Choquenot D. and Bowman D.M.J.S., 2001. Fire ecology and Aboriginal land management in central Arnhem Land, northern Australia: a tradition of ecosystem management. Journal of Biogeography 28: 325-344.
Young, G.R., Bellis, G.A., Brown, G.R. and Smith, E.C.S., 2001. The crazy ant, Anoplolepis gracilipes (Smith) (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) in east Arnhem Land, Australia. Australian Entomologist 28: 97-104.
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