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The question posed is whether current forestry practices threaten forest fauna? No confident direct answer can be given to this question. There are numerous reasons for this uncertainty. The question entails ‘proof of the negative’ which, in science, is typically a difficult task. Necessary observations of a sufficiently broad and relevant nature and over a sufficient time frame are of an anecdotal kind and few in number. There is a large number of fauna species involved, many of them rare and about which relatively little is known or it is difficult to obtain information concerning them. There are problems of scale in undertaking the appropriate scientific study of the possible impacts of forestry activities on native fauna. Then there is also the long time frame of logging cycles. Given sufficient time highly improbable contingencies have a propensity to become probable.

An indirect answer to the question is offered by way of the provision of comment on over-arching priorities in the future conservation management of our forest fauna. Knowledge and information in two themes are canvassed. The first theme relates to our own species, or rather to our capacity for technological innovation and, as a consequence of that innovation, our impact on the environment. The second theme concerns our knowledge of the ecological resource requirements of the fauna in which we are interested, together with a perspective on the nature and reasons for our losses of this fauna.

The core strategy in the future conservation management of forest fauna I see should be that of Popper's inverse (or negative) utilitarian. Rather than focussing on positive management the aim should be to identify and set priorities to avoid or minimise undesirable impacts of our human uses of the Australian landscape: to identify and ameliorate the undesirable impacts, or better, to desist from doing those things that are harming our fauna. In the context of the above strategy all evidence suggests that government decisions and policies that encourage or condone the permanent clearing of the native vegetation from lands of better quality soils, irrespective of land tenure, if continued, will probably have the most damaging of impacts on Australia's native fauna. In that same context the evidence indicates that whilst such land clearing continues, concern over threats to our native fauna by current forestry practices would be considerably misdirected.

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References

ANZECC/MCFFA. 1997. Nationally agreed criteria for the establishment of a comprehensive, adequate and representative reserve system for forests in Australia. A report by the joint ANZECC/MCFFA National Forest Policy Implementation Sub-Committee, Canberra.
Atkinson, J. 1826 An Account of the State of Agriculture and Grazing In New South Wales Including Observations on the Soils and General Appearance of the Country. J. Cross, Holburn, England. Facsimile Edition with Introduction by B. H. Fletcher (1975) Sydney University Press, Sydney.
Australian Forestry Council. 1992 Forests for Australia: Goals and Strategies for the Management of Australian Forests. A Position Paper from the Standing Committee on Forestry. Standing Committee of the Australian Forestry Council, Canberra.
Australian National University. 1998. Regional Forest Agreements and the Public Interest. National Symposium. 16th July 1998. Convened by the ANU Research School of Social Sciences and the School of Resource Management and Environmental Studies, Canberra.
Australian State of the Environment Committee. 2001 Australian State of the Environment 2001. CSIRO, Canberra.
Barnes, R.F.W. and Lahm, S.A. 1997. An ecological perspective on human densities in the central African forests. Journal of Applied Ecology. 34, 245-260.
Beckett, P.H.T. and Bie, S.W. 1978 Use of Soil and Land-system Maps to Provide Soil Information in Australia. CSIRO Division of Soils Technical Paper. No. 33. CSIRO, Melbourne.
Benson, J. and Doherty, M. 1993. The implications for nature conservation of selling off NSW leasehold Crown lands. National Parks Journal. 37, 15-21.
Benson, D.H. and Howell, J. 1990 Taken for Granted. The Bushland of Sydney and its Suburbs. Kangaroo Press in Association with the Royal Botanic Gardens, Sydney.
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Braithwaite, L.W. 1996. Conservation of arboreal herbivores: the Australian scene. In Proceedings: Sixth International Theriological Congress. Australian Journal of Ecology. 21, 21-30.
Braithwaite, L.W., Dudzinski, M.L. and Turner, J. 1983. Studies of the arboreal marsupial fauna of eucalypt forests being harvested for woodpulp at Eden, New South Wales. II. Relationship between the fauna density richness and diversity and measured variables of habitat. Australian Wildlife Research. 10, 231-47.
Braithwaite, L.W., Clayton, M., Maclean, L. and Parker, B.S. 1984a. Vertebrate fauna of a 144 ha water catchment within eucalypt being harvested for woodpulp at Eden, south-eastern New South Wales. CSIRO Division of Wildlife and Rangelands Research Technical Paper. No. 35. 47 pp.
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