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With their introduction into Australia beginning in the early nineteenth century deer have joined a long list of introduced species, many of which have become significant pests. Unlike rabbits, feral pigs, foxes and others, deer have not been considered to have had significant adverse environmental or socio-economic impacts in Australia until quite recently. There are long-standing wild populations in several states that have been managed for many years as a valuable resource for hunting rather than as a pest. In very recent times a perception has developed that wild deer numbers are increasing in Australia, with a wider distribution. The basis for these concerns will be examined, with a review of wild deer management in Australia.

Anon. 2002. Deer management plan for Royal National Park and NPWS reserves in the Sydney South Region. NSW National Parks and Wildlife Service Report, Sutherland, NSW.
Animal Health Australia. 2005. Wild Animal Response Strategy Version 3.2 2005. Australian Veterinary Emergency Plan (AUSVETPLAN), Edition 3, Primary Industries Ministerial Council, Canberra, ACT.
Bentley, A. 1998 An Introduction to the Deer of Australia with Special Reference to Victoria. Australian Deer Research Foundation, Melbourne.
Cause, M. 1990 Economic Values of Recreational Deer Hunting in Australia. MSc thesis, Griffith University, Nathan, Brisbane.
English, A.W. 1979. The capture of wild fallow deer in New South Wales using a baited enclosure trap. Australian Deer 6: 13-20.
Hamilton, C.A. 1981 Rusa deer in the Royal National Park: Diet, dietary Overlap with Wallabia bicolor, influence on the vegetation, distribution and movements. MSc thesis, University of Sydney, Sydney.
Hart, Q. 2002. Managing pest animals in Australia. Science for Decision Makers, Bureau of Rural Sciences, Department of Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry - Australia, Canberra, ACT.
Moriarty, A. 2004. The liberation, distribution, abundance and management of wild deer in Australia. Wildlife Research 31:291-299.
Moriarty, A. 2005 Ecology and environmental impact of Rusa deer (Cervus timorensis) in Royal National Park. PhD thesis, University of Western Sydney, Richmond.
Murray, M.D. and Snowdon, W.A. 1976. The role of wild animals in the spread of exotic diseases in Australia. Australian Veterinary Journal 52:547-554.
O'Brien, P. 1990. Managing Australian Wildlife. Search 21: 24-27.
Strahan, R. (ed.) 1995 The Mammals of Australia. Australian Museum and Reed Books, Chatswood, NSW.
van Oosterzee, P. 1997 Where Worlds Collide. The Wallace Line. Reed Books Australia, Kew, Victoria.
West, P. and Saunders, G. 2003 Pest Animal Survey 2002. An analysis of pest animal distribution and abundance across NSW and ACT. Vertebrate Pest Research Unit, NSW Agriculture, Orange.
Wilson, G., Dexter, N. and O'Brien, P. 1992 Pest Animals in Australia: a Survey of Introduced Wild Mammals. Bureau of Rural Sciences and Kangaroo Press Kenthurst, NSW.
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References

Anon. 2002. Deer management plan for Royal National Park and NPWS reserves in the Sydney South Region. NSW National Parks and Wildlife Service Report, Sutherland, NSW.
Animal Health Australia. 2005. Wild Animal Response Strategy Version 3.2 2005. Australian Veterinary Emergency Plan (AUSVETPLAN), Edition 3, Primary Industries Ministerial Council, Canberra, ACT.
Bentley, A. 1998 An Introduction to the Deer of Australia with Special Reference to Victoria. Australian Deer Research Foundation, Melbourne.
Cause, M. 1990 Economic Values of Recreational Deer Hunting in Australia. MSc thesis, Griffith University, Nathan, Brisbane.
English, A.W. 1979. The capture of wild fallow deer in New South Wales using a baited enclosure trap. Australian Deer 6: 13-20.
Hamilton, C.A. 1981 Rusa deer in the Royal National Park: Diet, dietary Overlap with Wallabia bicolor, influence on the vegetation, distribution and movements. MSc thesis, University of Sydney, Sydney.
Hart, Q. 2002. Managing pest animals in Australia. Science for Decision Makers, Bureau of Rural Sciences, Department of Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry - Australia, Canberra, ACT.
Moriarty, A. 2004. The liberation, distribution, abundance and management of wild deer in Australia. Wildlife Research 31:291-299.
Moriarty, A. 2005 Ecology and environmental impact of Rusa deer (Cervus timorensis) in Royal National Park. PhD thesis, University of Western Sydney, Richmond.
Murray, M.D. and Snowdon, W.A. 1976. The role of wild animals in the spread of exotic diseases in Australia. Australian Veterinary Journal 52:547-554.
O'Brien, P. 1990. Managing Australian Wildlife. Search 21: 24-27.
Strahan, R. (ed.) 1995 The Mammals of Australia. Australian Museum and Reed Books, Chatswood, NSW.
van Oosterzee, P. 1997 Where Worlds Collide. The Wallace Line. Reed Books Australia, Kew, Victoria.
West, P. and Saunders, G. 2003 Pest Animal Survey 2002. An analysis of pest animal distribution and abundance across NSW and ACT. Vertebrate Pest Research Unit, NSW Agriculture, Orange.
Wilson, G., Dexter, N. and O'Brien, P. 1992 Pest Animals in Australia: a Survey of Introduced Wild Mammals. Bureau of Rural Sciences and Kangaroo Press Kenthurst, NSW.
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