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Attacks by Australian Magpies Gymnorhina tibicen on humans are among the most common forms of human-wildlife conflict in Australia, especially in suburban environments. Despite the familiarity of these interactions, remarkably little is known about the phenomenon, significantly undermining attempts to develop a sound basis for management. To redress this, a series of studies spanning most of a decade were carried out in Brisbane, designed to explore all dimensions of the conflict. This paper describes several relevant aspects of the phenomenon including temporal patterns of reproduction and attacks, and summarises key findings of investigations into community attitudes towards managing what is a favourite Australian species. In particular, it was established that lethal control was opposed by a clear majority of survey respondents while translocation as an option for management was supported. As a result, comprehensive studies into this approach were carried out, establishing that the technique reduced specific conflicts. However, we were unable to account for the fate of most released birds.

Blakers, M., Davies S. J. J. F., Riley, P. N. 1984 The Atlas of Australian Birds. Melbourne University Press, Melbourne.
Brown, E. D., Farabaugh, S. M. and Hughes, J. M. 1993. A test of the centre-edge hypotheses in a permanently territorial songbird, the Australian magpie, Gymnorhina tibicen. Animal Behaviour 45: 814-816.
Burger, J. and Gochfeld, M. 1992. Vulnerability and mortality of young Australian magpies on roads. Wilson Bulletin 104: 365-367.
Carrick, R. 1972. Population ecology of the Australian blackbacked Magpie, royal penguin and silver gull. United States Department of Interior Wildlife Research report 2: 41-99
Cilento, N. J. and Jones D. N. 1999. Aggression towards humans in Australian Magpies: Nest defence or territorial behaviour. Emu 99, 85-90.
Decker, D. J. and Chase, L. C. 1999. Human dimensions of living with wildlife - amanagement challenge for the 21st century. Wildlife Society Bulletin 25, 788-795.
Dunlap, R. E. 1990. Trends in public opinion towards environmental issues. Society and Natural Resources 4: 285-312.
Fitzgibbon, S. and Jones D.N. 2006. A community-based wildlife survey: the knowledge and attitudes of residents of suburban Brisbane, with a focus on bandicoots. Wildlife Research 33: 233-241.
Hughes, J. M. and Mather, P. B. 1991. Variation in size of territory groups in the Australian Magpie, Gymnorhina tibicen (Latham). Proceedings of the Royal Society of Queensland. 101: 13-19
Jones, L., Darroch, R. K., Gilding, J. and Bennett, D. H. 1980. A review of seasonal and ecological factors in Australian Magpie attacks on people. Bird Behaviour 2: 113-117
Jones, D. N. 1999. Magpie attacks: our best known, least understood wildlife problem. Wingspan 6(3): 12-15.
Jones, D. N. 2002 Magpie Alert: Learning to Live with a Wild Neighbour. University of New South Wales Press, Sydney
Jones, D. N. and Finn, P. G. 1999. Translocation of aggressive Australian magpies: a preliminary assessment of a potential management action. Wildlife Research 26: 271-279
Jones, D. N. and Thomas L. K. 1999. Attacks on humans by Australian Magpies: management of an extreme suburban human-wildlife conflict. Wildlife Society Bulletin 27: 473-478
Jones, D. N. and Nealson T. 2003. Management of aggressive Australian Magpies by translocation. Wildlife Research 30, 167-177.
Jones, D. N., Enck, J. W., Siemer, W. F., Decker, D.J. and Brown, T.L. 1998. An introduction to human dimensions of wildlife management: Taking the North American experience to Australia. Human Dimensions Research Unit Publication 98-8, Cornell University.
Miller, K. K. and Jones, D. N. 2005. Wildlife management in Australasia: perceptions of objectives and priorities. Wildlife Research 32: 265-272.
Nattrass, R. 2004 Talking Wildlife. Steve Parish Publishing, Brisbane.
Robinson, A. 1956. The annual reproductive cycle of the Magpie, Gymnorhina dorsalis (Campbell), in south western Australia. Emu 56: 235-336
Rollinson, D. J. 2002. Food caching behaviour in the Australian Magpie Gymnorhina tibicen. Sunbird 32, 20-22.
Rollinson, D. J. 2003. Synanthropy in the Australian Magpie: A Comparison of Urban and Rural Populations in South-eastern Queensland, Australia. PhD thesis, Griffith University
Rollinson, D. J. and Jones, D. N. 2002. Variation in breeding parameters of the Australian Magpie Gymnorhina tibicen in suburban and rural environments. Urban Ecosystems, 6, 257-269.
Rollinson, D. J., O'Leary R. and Jones D. N. 2003. The practice of wildlife feeding in suburban Brisbane. Corella 27, 52-59.
Thomas, L. K. and Jones, D. N. 1999. Management options for a human-wildlife conflict: Australian Magpie attacks on humans. Human Dimensions of Wildlife 4: 93-95.
Warne, R. M. 2001. Why do Magpies attack? Exploring mechanisms and functional explanations for Magpie attacks towards humans. B.Sc. (Hons) dissertation, Griffith University
Warne, R. M. and Jones, D. N. 2003. Evidence for target specificity in attacks by Australian Magpies on humans. Wildlife Research 30: 265-267.
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References

Blakers, M., Davies S. J. J. F., Riley, P. N. 1984 The Atlas of Australian Birds. Melbourne University Press, Melbourne.
Brown, E. D., Farabaugh, S. M. and Hughes, J. M. 1993. A test of the centre-edge hypotheses in a permanently territorial songbird, the Australian magpie, Gymnorhina tibicen. Animal Behaviour 45: 814-816.
Burger, J. and Gochfeld, M. 1992. Vulnerability and mortality of young Australian magpies on roads. Wilson Bulletin 104: 365-367.
Carrick, R. 1972. Population ecology of the Australian blackbacked Magpie, royal penguin and silver gull. United States Department of Interior Wildlife Research report 2: 41-99
Cilento, N. J. and Jones D. N. 1999. Aggression towards humans in Australian Magpies: Nest defence or territorial behaviour. Emu 99, 85-90.
Decker, D. J. and Chase, L. C. 1999. Human dimensions of living with wildlife - amanagement challenge for the 21st century. Wildlife Society Bulletin 25, 788-795.
Dunlap, R. E. 1990. Trends in public opinion towards environmental issues. Society and Natural Resources 4: 285-312.
Fitzgibbon, S. and Jones D.N. 2006. A community-based wildlife survey: the knowledge and attitudes of residents of suburban Brisbane, with a focus on bandicoots. Wildlife Research 33: 233-241.
Hughes, J. M. and Mather, P. B. 1991. Variation in size of territory groups in the Australian Magpie, Gymnorhina tibicen (Latham). Proceedings of the Royal Society of Queensland. 101: 13-19
Jones, L., Darroch, R. K., Gilding, J. and Bennett, D. H. 1980. A review of seasonal and ecological factors in Australian Magpie attacks on people. Bird Behaviour 2: 113-117
Jones, D. N. 1999. Magpie attacks: our best known, least understood wildlife problem. Wingspan 6(3): 12-15.
Jones, D. N. 2002 Magpie Alert: Learning to Live with a Wild Neighbour. University of New South Wales Press, Sydney
Jones, D. N. and Finn, P. G. 1999. Translocation of aggressive Australian magpies: a preliminary assessment of a potential management action. Wildlife Research 26: 271-279
Jones, D. N. and Thomas L. K. 1999. Attacks on humans by Australian Magpies: management of an extreme suburban human-wildlife conflict. Wildlife Society Bulletin 27: 473-478
Jones, D. N. and Nealson T. 2003. Management of aggressive Australian Magpies by translocation. Wildlife Research 30, 167-177.
Jones, D. N., Enck, J. W., Siemer, W. F., Decker, D.J. and Brown, T.L. 1998. An introduction to human dimensions of wildlife management: Taking the North American experience to Australia. Human Dimensions Research Unit Publication 98-8, Cornell University.
Miller, K. K. and Jones, D. N. 2005. Wildlife management in Australasia: perceptions of objectives and priorities. Wildlife Research 32: 265-272.
Nattrass, R. 2004 Talking Wildlife. Steve Parish Publishing, Brisbane.
Robinson, A. 1956. The annual reproductive cycle of the Magpie, Gymnorhina dorsalis (Campbell), in south western Australia. Emu 56: 235-336
Rollinson, D. J. 2002. Food caching behaviour in the Australian Magpie Gymnorhina tibicen. Sunbird 32, 20-22.
Rollinson, D. J. 2003. Synanthropy in the Australian Magpie: A Comparison of Urban and Rural Populations in South-eastern Queensland, Australia. PhD thesis, Griffith University
Rollinson, D. J. and Jones, D. N. 2002. Variation in breeding parameters of the Australian Magpie Gymnorhina tibicen in suburban and rural environments. Urban Ecosystems, 6, 257-269.
Rollinson, D. J., O'Leary R. and Jones D. N. 2003. The practice of wildlife feeding in suburban Brisbane. Corella 27, 52-59.
Thomas, L. K. and Jones, D. N. 1999. Management options for a human-wildlife conflict: Australian Magpie attacks on humans. Human Dimensions of Wildlife 4: 93-95.
Warne, R. M. 2001. Why do Magpies attack? Exploring mechanisms and functional explanations for Magpie attacks towards humans. B.Sc. (Hons) dissertation, Griffith University
Warne, R. M. and Jones, D. N. 2003. Evidence for target specificity in attacks by Australian Magpies on humans. Wildlife Research 30: 265-267.
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