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Sydney has a speciose but little studied marine ichthyofauna, comprising elements of both tropical and warm/cool temperate origins. Recent surveys suggest that around 600 species have been found in Sydney's coastal waters, some of which are tropical visitors or cold-temperate vagrants. Here I briefly survey the diversity of Sydney's fish fauna, highlighting key aspects of life history that relate to distribution, and key habitats. Several iconic species are described in more detail, and local and climate change threats are outlined in relation to mitigation opportunities.

Alquezar, R., Markich, S.J., and Booth, D.J. 2006a. Metal accumulation in the smooth toadfish, Tetractenos glaber, in estuaries around Sydney, Australia. Environmental Pollution 142:116-122.
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Dempster, T. 2005. Temporal variability of pelagic fish assemblages around fish aggregation devices: biological and physical influences. Journal of Fish Biology. 66: 1237-1260.
Figueira W.F., Booth D.J. 2010 Increasing ocean temperatures allow tropical fishes to survive over winter in temperate waters. Global Change Biology. 16: 506-516
Folpp, H., Lowry, M. 2006. Factors affecting recreational catch rates associated with a fish aggregating device (FAD) off the NSW coast, Australia. Bulletin of Marine Sciences. 78: 185-193.
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Gladstone, W. 2007. Selection of a spawning aggregation site by Chromis hypsilepis (Pisces: Pomacentridae): habitat structure, transport potential, and food availability. Marine Ecology Progress Series. 351:235-247 doi: 10.3354/meps07108
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Jelbart, J.E., Ross, P.M., and Connelly, R.M. 2007. Fish assemblages in seagrass beds are influenced by the proximity of mangrove forests. Marine Biology. 150: 993-1002.
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Kawase, H. 2005. Spawning behavior of the pygmy leatherjacket Brachaluteres jacksonianus (Monacanthidae) in southeastern Australia. Ichthyological Research. 52: 194-197
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Lowry, M.B. 2003. Age and growth of Cheilodactylus fuscus, a temperate rocky reef fish. New Zealand Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research. 37: 159-170.
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Ridgway K. R. 2007. Long-term trend and decadal variability of the southward penetration of the East Australian Current. Geophysical Research. 34:L13613. doi:10.1029/2007GL030393
Roach, A.C. and Runcie, J. 1998. Levels of selected chlorinated hydrocarbons in edible fish tissues from polluted areas in the Georges/Cooks rivers and Sydney harbour, New South Wales, Australia. Marine Pollution Bulletin 36: 323-344.
Rotherham, D. and West, R.J. 2002. Do different seagrass species support distinct fish communities in south-eastern Australia? Fisheries Management and Ecology. 9: 235-248.
Sanchez-Camara, J. and Booth, D.J. 2004. Abundance, movement, home range and site fidelity of the Weedy Seadragon Phyllopteryx taeniolatus (Teleostei: Syngnathidae) Environmental Biology of Fishes. 70: 31-41.
Sanchez-Camara, J., Booth, D.J. and Turon, X. 2005. Reproductive cycle and growth of Phyllopteryx taeniolatus. Journal of Fish Biology 67, 133-148.
Sanchez-Camara J, Booth D.J., Murdoch, J., Watts, D., Turon, X. 2006. Density, habitat use and behaviour of the weedy seadragon Phyllopteryx taeniolatus (Teleostei: Syngnathidae) around Sydney, New SouthWales, Australia. Marine and Freshwater Research 57:737-745.
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Silberschneider, V. & Booth, D. J. 2001. Resource use by Enneapterygius rufopileus and other rockpool fishes. Environmental Biology of Fishes. 61:195-204
Tricklebank, K.A., Kingsford, M.J. and Rose, H.A. 2002. Organochlorine pesticides and hexachlorobenzene along the central coast of New South Wales: multi-scale distributions using the territorial damselfish Parma microlepis as an indicator. Environmental Pollution. 116: 319-335.
Tzioumis, V. and Kingsford, M.J. 1999. Reproductive biology and growth of the temperate damselfish Parma microlepis. Copeia. 1999: 348-361.
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Wressnig, A. and Booth, D.J. 2007. Selection of seagrass morphology by 2 species of sympatric leatherjacket fish I Sydney estuaries. Journal of Fish Biology 71:272-278.
York, P.H., Booth, D.J., Glasby, T.M., Pease, B.C. 2006. Fish assemblages in habitats dominated by Caulerpa taxifolia and native seagrasses in south-eastern Australia Marine Ecology Progress Series 312: 223-234.
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