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Parklands are places of social interaction as well as habitats for complex non-human ecologies. These two processes - interacting with natural environments and with social groups - are connected and need to be considered together. In this paper I explore how cultural diversity and historical change have shaped the ways in which different groups of people perceive and act towards landscapes and animals in parklands along the Georges River and the National Park which surrounds it from Voyager Point downstream to Alfords Point. The various groups considered are Anglo-Irish, Aboriginal and Vietnamese Australians, all of whom have experienced the natural environment in their everyday activities like fishing and making a living. In doing so, they have interacted with each other, often expressing social conflicts through interactions about wildlife and nature regulation. I argue that we cannot understand how groups will relate to their natural environments unless we try to understand these inter-group political, cultural and historical conflicts.

Bankstown City Council. Sylvan Grove Native Garden, information. http://www.bankstown.nsw.gov.au/Sylvan-Grove-Native-Garden/default.aspx
Cadzow, A and Goodall, H. 2007 Gold and Silver: Vietnamese migrationand relationships with environments in Vietnam and Sydney. http://www.migrationheritage.nsw.gov.au/exhibitions/goldandsilver/
Cronon, William. 1992. “A Place for Stories: Nature, History, and Narrative” Journal of American History 78, no. 4 (1992): 1347-1376.
Cronon, William. 1996. “The Trouble with Wilderness, or, Getting Back to the Wrong Nature” Environmental History 1, no. 1 (1996): 7-55.
Federation of Ethnic Communities' Councils (FECC) of Australia for Recfish Australia. 1997 We Fish for the Future: Recreational Fishing and People of Indo-Chinese Background. Canberra: Department of the Environment.
Goodall, H and Cadzow, A. 2009 Rivers and Resilience: Aboriginal People on Sydney's Georges River, UNSW Press, Sydney.
Goodall, H., Cadzow, A., Byrne, D. and Wearing, S. 2009. ‘Fishing the Georges River: Cultural Diversity and Urban Environments’, in Amanda Wise and Selvaraj Velayutham (eds) Everyday Multiculturalism, Palgrave.
Goodall, Heather, Wearing, S, Byrne, D and Cadzow, A. 2005. “Green Cities: rethinking suburban conservation campaigning in Sydney 1940 to 1990.” Paper presented at the State of Australia's Cities, Griffith University, Brisbane.
Griffiths, Tom, and Libby Robin, (eds). 1997 Ecology and Empire: Environmental History of Settler Societies. Edinburgh: Keele University Press.
Lunney, D., Baker, J., Matthews, A., Waples, K., Dickman, C and Cogger, H. 2007. ‘Overabundant native vertebrates in New South Wales: characterizing populations, gauging perceptions and developing an ethical management framework’ in Pest or Guest: the zoology of overabundance, edited by Daniel Lunney, Peggy Eby, Pat Hutchings and Shelley Burgin, 2007, Royal Zoological Society of NSW, Mosman, NSW.
Stephen Wearing, Heather Goodall, Denis Byrne and Jo Kijas. 2008. Cultural diversity in the social valuing of parkland: Networking communities and park management Australasian Parks and Leisure, Number 2, winter, pp 20-30.
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Bankstown City Council. Sylvan Grove Native Garden, information. http://www.bankstown.nsw.gov.au/Sylvan-Grove-Native-Garden/default.aspx
Cadzow, A and Goodall, H. 2007 Gold and Silver: Vietnamese migrationand relationships with environments in Vietnam and Sydney. http://www.migrationheritage.nsw.gov.au/exhibitions/goldandsilver/
Cronon, William. 1992. “A Place for Stories: Nature, History, and Narrative” Journal of American History 78, no. 4 (1992): 1347-1376.
Cronon, William. 1996. “The Trouble with Wilderness, or, Getting Back to the Wrong Nature” Environmental History 1, no. 1 (1996): 7-55.
Federation of Ethnic Communities' Councils (FECC) of Australia for Recfish Australia. 1997 We Fish for the Future: Recreational Fishing and People of Indo-Chinese Background. Canberra: Department of the Environment.
Goodall, H and Cadzow, A. 2009 Rivers and Resilience: Aboriginal People on Sydney's Georges River, UNSW Press, Sydney.
Goodall, H., Cadzow, A., Byrne, D. and Wearing, S. 2009. ‘Fishing the Georges River: Cultural Diversity and Urban Environments’, in Amanda Wise and Selvaraj Velayutham (eds) Everyday Multiculturalism, Palgrave.
Goodall, Heather, Wearing, S, Byrne, D and Cadzow, A. 2005. “Green Cities: rethinking suburban conservation campaigning in Sydney 1940 to 1990.” Paper presented at the State of Australia's Cities, Griffith University, Brisbane.
Griffiths, Tom, and Libby Robin, (eds). 1997 Ecology and Empire: Environmental History of Settler Societies. Edinburgh: Keele University Press.
Lunney, D., Baker, J., Matthews, A., Waples, K., Dickman, C and Cogger, H. 2007. ‘Overabundant native vertebrates in New South Wales: characterizing populations, gauging perceptions and developing an ethical management framework’ in Pest or Guest: the zoology of overabundance, edited by Daniel Lunney, Peggy Eby, Pat Hutchings and Shelley Burgin, 2007, Royal Zoological Society of NSW, Mosman, NSW.
Stephen Wearing, Heather Goodall, Denis Byrne and Jo Kijas. 2008. Cultural diversity in the social valuing of parkland: Networking communities and park management Australasian Parks and Leisure, Number 2, winter, pp 20-30.
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