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As a young man of 26, Charles Darwin visited Sydney in January 1836, on board H.M.S. Beagle, during her five-year circumnavigation of the globe. For most of the time the Beagle was in Sydney, Darwin was on an inland excursion to Bathurst. Consequently, he gave himself very little opportunity to explore the natural history of Sydney. However, his servant Syms Covington did go sweeping for insects in Sydney, and was presumably involved in collecting other specimens of Sydney fauna. In total, the Beagle's Sydney specimens comprise at least 110 species of animals, including a mouse not previously described (originally Mus gouldii; later Pseudomys gouldii; unfortunately now extinct), a crab, a snake, frogs, lizards, shells (including an oyster, a mudwhelk, air breathers, a sand snail, and a trochid or top shell) and 97 insects, 42 of which had not previously been described, and four of which were named after Darwin: a Leaf beetle Idiocephala darwini; a Seed bug Ontiscus darwini; a Gasteruptiid wasp Foenus darwinii; and a Bee Halictus darwiniellus. The remaining novel insects comprise six Leaf beetles (Chrysomelidae), four Stink bugs (Pentatomidae), a Seed bug (Lygaeidae), an Assassin bug (Reduviidae), a Water boatman (Corixidae), a Leafhopper (Cicadellidae), a Cicada (Cicadidae), a Flatid planthopper (Flatidae), a Froghopper or Spittlebug (Cercopidae), three Parasitic wasps (Chalcididae), an Encyrtid wasp (Encyrtidae), five Eucaratids (Eucharitidae), a Eulophid (Eulophidae), four Seed chalcids (Eurytomidae), five Lamprotatidae, and one Torymid wasp (Torymidae).

Covington, S. 1836 The Journal of Syms Covington; Assistant to Charles Darwin Esq. on the Second Voyage of the HMS Beagle, December 1831 - September 1836. Chapter 7: From the Antipodes to England. Edited by Vern Weitzel; published at http://www.asap.unimelb.edu.au/bsparcs/covingto/contents.htm by the Australian Science Archives Project on 23 August 1995.
Darwin, C.R. 1836a. Letter 295: Darwin, C.R. to Henslow, J.S., [28-9] Jan 1836; reproduced in Burkhardt, F. and Smith, S. 1985 The Correspondence of Charles Darwin, Volume 1: 1821-1836, pp. 484-6. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge. Also available from the website of the Darwin Correspondence Project (http://www.darwinproject.ac.uk/)
Darwin, C.R. 1836b. Letter 299: Darwin, C.R. to Fox, W.D., 15 Feb 1836; reproduced in Burkhardt, F. and Smith, S. 1985 The Correspondence of Charles Darwin, Volume 1: 1821-1836, pp. 491-3. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge. Also available from the website of the Darwin Correspondence Project (http://www.darwinproject.ac.uk/)
Darwin, C.R. 1837. Letter 362: Darwin, C.R. to Hope, F.W., [21 June 1837]; reproduced in Burkhardt, F. and Smith, S. 1986 The Correspondence of Charles Darwin, Volume 2: 1837-1843, p. 27. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge. Also available from the website of the Darwin Correspondence Project (http://www.darwinproject.ac.uk/)
Keynes, R. (ed.) 2003 Charles Darwin's Zoology Notes & Specimen Lists from H.M.S. Beagle. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge
Lea, A.M. 1926. On some Australian Coleoptera collected by Charles Darwin during the voyage of the “Beagle”. Transactions of the Entomological Society of London 74(2): 279-288.
Nicholas, F.W. and Nicholas, J.M. 2008 Charles Darwin in Australia (Anniversary edition). Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
Saunders, W.W. 1843. Descriptions of new Australian Chrysomelidae allied to Cryptocephalus. Journal of the Proceedings of the Entomological Society of London; January 1840 to December 1846 pp. 70-71 [Bound together with and immediately in front of Transactions of the Entomological Society of London Vol IV 1845-1847]
Smith, K.G.V. 1987. Darwin's insects: Charles Darwin's Entomological Notes, with an introduction and comments by Kenneth G. V. Smith. Bulletin of the British Museum of Natural History (Historical Series) 14(1): 1-143.
Strahan, R. (ed.) 1979 Rare and Curious Specimens. An Illustrated History of the Museum 1827-1979. Australian Museum, Sydney.
Walker, F. 1838. Description of some Chalcidites discovered by C. Darwin Esq. Entomological Magazine 5: 469-477.
Walker, F. 1839 Monographia Chalciditum. Vol. 2. Species collected by C. Darwin, Esq. Hyppolite Bailliere, London.
Waterhouse, G. R. 1838. Descriptions of some of the insects brought to this country by C. Darwin. Transactions of the Entomological Society of London 2(2): 131-5.
Waterhouse, C. R. 1839a The Zoology of the Voyage of H.M.S. Beagle, under the command of Captain FitzRoy, R.N., during the Years 1832 to 1836. Part II. Living Mammalia (Darwin, C.R. ed.), number 4. Smith, Elder and Co., London.
Waterhouse, G.R. 1839b. Descriptions of some new species of exotic insects. Transactions of the Entomological Society of London 2(3): 188-96, plate 17.
Daudin, F.M. 1802 Histore naturelle des rainettes, des grenouilles et des crapauds microform. Levrault, Paris.
Duméril, A.M.C. and G. Bibron 1841 Erpétologie générale, ou, Histoire naturelle compléte des reptiles; Tome 8, L'histoire générale des batraciens, et la description … des deux premiers sous-ordres: les péromèles … et les anoures … Librairie encyclopédique de Roret, Paris.
Gray, J.E. 1825. A synopsis of the genera of reptiles and Amphibia, with a description of some new species. Annales Philosophie 2(10): 193-217.
Gray, J.E. 1841. A catalogue of the species of Reptiles and Amphibia hitherto described as inhabiting Australia, with a description of some new species from Western Australia. Appendix E. pp. 422-449 in Grey, G. (ed.) Journals of Two Expeditions of Discovery in North-west and Western Australia, during the years 1837, 38, and 39, under the authority of Her Majesty's Government, vol. 2 T. & W. Boone, London.
Gray, J.E. 1845 Catalogue of the Specimens of Lizards in the Collection of the British Museum. British Museum, London.
Günther, A.C.J.G. 1858 Catalogue of the Batrachia Salientia in the collection of the British Museum. British Museum, London.
Peron. F. 1807 Voyage de découvertes aux terres australes, exécuté sur les corvettes le Géographe, le Naturaliste, et la Goelette le Casuarina, pendant les années 1800-1804; Tome 1, partie historique. Arthus Bertrand, Paris.
Tschudi, J.J. von 1838 Classification der Batrachier, mit Berücksichtigung der fossilen Tiere dieser Abteilung der Reptilien. Erück Petitpierre, Neuchâtel.
White, J. 1790 Journal of a Voyage to New South Wales, with sixty five plates of non-descript animals, birds, lizards, serpents, curious cones of trees and other natural productions. Debrett, London.
Daudin, F.M. 1802 Histore naturelle des rainettes, des grenouilles et des crapauds microform. Levrault, Paris.
Duméril, A.M.C. and G. Bibron 1841 Erpétologie générale, ou, Histoire naturelle compléte des reptiles; Tome 8, L'histoire générale des batraciens, et la description … des deux premiers sous-ordres: les péromèles … et les anoures … Librairie encyclopédique de Roret, Paris.
Gray, J.E. 1825. A synopsis of the genera of reptiles and Amphibia, with a description of some new species. Annales Philosophie 2(10): 193-217.
Gray, J.E. 1841. A catalogue of the species of Reptiles and Amphibia hitherto described as inhabiting Australia, with a description of some new species from Western Australia. Appendix E. pp. 422-449 in Grey, G. (ed.) Journals of Two Expeditions of Discovery in North-west and Western Australia, during the years 1837, 38, and 39, under the authority of Her Majesty's Government, vol. 2 T. & W. Boone, London.
Gray, J.E. 1845 Catalogue of the Specimens of Lizards in the Collection of the British Museum. British Museum, London.
Günther, A.C.J.G. 1858 Catalogue of the Batrachia Salientia in the collection of the British Museum. British Museum, London.
Peron. F. 1807 Voyage de découvertes aux terres australes, exécuté sur les corvettes le Géographe, le Naturaliste, et la Goelette le Casuarina, pendant les années 1800-1804; Tome 1, partie historique. Arthus Bertrand, Paris.
Tschudi, J.J. von 1838 Classification der Batrachier, mit Berücksichtigung der fossilen Tiere dieser Abteilung der Reptilien. Erück Petitpierre, Neuchâtel.
White, J. 1790 Journal of a Voyage to New South Wales, with sixty five plates of non-descript animals, birds, lizards, serpents, curious cones of trees and other natural productions. Debrett, London.
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References

Covington, S. 1836 The Journal of Syms Covington; Assistant to Charles Darwin Esq. on the Second Voyage of the HMS Beagle, December 1831 - September 1836. Chapter 7: From the Antipodes to England. Edited by Vern Weitzel; published at http://www.asap.unimelb.edu.au/bsparcs/covingto/contents.htm by the Australian Science Archives Project on 23 August 1995.
Darwin, C.R. 1836a. Letter 295: Darwin, C.R. to Henslow, J.S., [28-9] Jan 1836; reproduced in Burkhardt, F. and Smith, S. 1985 The Correspondence of Charles Darwin, Volume 1: 1821-1836, pp. 484-6. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge. Also available from the website of the Darwin Correspondence Project (http://www.darwinproject.ac.uk/)
Darwin, C.R. 1836b. Letter 299: Darwin, C.R. to Fox, W.D., 15 Feb 1836; reproduced in Burkhardt, F. and Smith, S. 1985 The Correspondence of Charles Darwin, Volume 1: 1821-1836, pp. 491-3. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge. Also available from the website of the Darwin Correspondence Project (http://www.darwinproject.ac.uk/)
Darwin, C.R. 1837. Letter 362: Darwin, C.R. to Hope, F.W., [21 June 1837]; reproduced in Burkhardt, F. and Smith, S. 1986 The Correspondence of Charles Darwin, Volume 2: 1837-1843, p. 27. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge. Also available from the website of the Darwin Correspondence Project (http://www.darwinproject.ac.uk/)
Keynes, R. (ed.) 2003 Charles Darwin's Zoology Notes & Specimen Lists from H.M.S. Beagle. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge
Lea, A.M. 1926. On some Australian Coleoptera collected by Charles Darwin during the voyage of the “Beagle”. Transactions of the Entomological Society of London 74(2): 279-288.
Nicholas, F.W. and Nicholas, J.M. 2008 Charles Darwin in Australia (Anniversary edition). Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
Saunders, W.W. 1843. Descriptions of new Australian Chrysomelidae allied to Cryptocephalus. Journal of the Proceedings of the Entomological Society of London; January 1840 to December 1846 pp. 70-71 [Bound together with and immediately in front of Transactions of the Entomological Society of London Vol IV 1845-1847]
Smith, K.G.V. 1987. Darwin's insects: Charles Darwin's Entomological Notes, with an introduction and comments by Kenneth G. V. Smith. Bulletin of the British Museum of Natural History (Historical Series) 14(1): 1-143.
Strahan, R. (ed.) 1979 Rare and Curious Specimens. An Illustrated History of the Museum 1827-1979. Australian Museum, Sydney.
Walker, F. 1838. Description of some Chalcidites discovered by C. Darwin Esq. Entomological Magazine 5: 469-477.
Walker, F. 1839 Monographia Chalciditum. Vol. 2. Species collected by C. Darwin, Esq. Hyppolite Bailliere, London.
Waterhouse, G. R. 1838. Descriptions of some of the insects brought to this country by C. Darwin. Transactions of the Entomological Society of London 2(2): 131-5.
Waterhouse, C. R. 1839a The Zoology of the Voyage of H.M.S. Beagle, under the command of Captain FitzRoy, R.N., during the Years 1832 to 1836. Part II. Living Mammalia (Darwin, C.R. ed.), number 4. Smith, Elder and Co., London.
Waterhouse, G.R. 1839b. Descriptions of some new species of exotic insects. Transactions of the Entomological Society of London 2(3): 188-96, plate 17.
Daudin, F.M. 1802 Histore naturelle des rainettes, des grenouilles et des crapauds microform. Levrault, Paris.
Duméril, A.M.C. and G. Bibron 1841 Erpétologie générale, ou, Histoire naturelle compléte des reptiles; Tome 8, L'histoire générale des batraciens, et la description … des deux premiers sous-ordres: les péromèles … et les anoures … Librairie encyclopédique de Roret, Paris.
Gray, J.E. 1825. A synopsis of the genera of reptiles and Amphibia, with a description of some new species. Annales Philosophie 2(10): 193-217.
Gray, J.E. 1841. A catalogue of the species of Reptiles and Amphibia hitherto described as inhabiting Australia, with a description of some new species from Western Australia. Appendix E. pp. 422-449 in Grey, G. (ed.) Journals of Two Expeditions of Discovery in North-west and Western Australia, during the years 1837, 38, and 39, under the authority of Her Majesty's Government, vol. 2 T. & W. Boone, London.
Gray, J.E. 1845 Catalogue of the Specimens of Lizards in the Collection of the British Museum. British Museum, London.
Günther, A.C.J.G. 1858 Catalogue of the Batrachia Salientia in the collection of the British Museum. British Museum, London.
Peron. F. 1807 Voyage de découvertes aux terres australes, exécuté sur les corvettes le Géographe, le Naturaliste, et la Goelette le Casuarina, pendant les années 1800-1804; Tome 1, partie historique. Arthus Bertrand, Paris.
Tschudi, J.J. von 1838 Classification der Batrachier, mit Berücksichtigung der fossilen Tiere dieser Abteilung der Reptilien. Erück Petitpierre, Neuchâtel.
White, J. 1790 Journal of a Voyage to New South Wales, with sixty five plates of non-descript animals, birds, lizards, serpents, curious cones of trees and other natural productions. Debrett, London.
Daudin, F.M. 1802 Histore naturelle des rainettes, des grenouilles et des crapauds microform. Levrault, Paris.
Duméril, A.M.C. and G. Bibron 1841 Erpétologie générale, ou, Histoire naturelle compléte des reptiles; Tome 8, L'histoire générale des batraciens, et la description … des deux premiers sous-ordres: les péromèles … et les anoures … Librairie encyclopédique de Roret, Paris.
Gray, J.E. 1825. A synopsis of the genera of reptiles and Amphibia, with a description of some new species. Annales Philosophie 2(10): 193-217.
Gray, J.E. 1841. A catalogue of the species of Reptiles and Amphibia hitherto described as inhabiting Australia, with a description of some new species from Western Australia. Appendix E. pp. 422-449 in Grey, G. (ed.) Journals of Two Expeditions of Discovery in North-west and Western Australia, during the years 1837, 38, and 39, under the authority of Her Majesty's Government, vol. 2 T. & W. Boone, London.
Gray, J.E. 1845 Catalogue of the Specimens of Lizards in the Collection of the British Museum. British Museum, London.
Günther, A.C.J.G. 1858 Catalogue of the Batrachia Salientia in the collection of the British Museum. British Museum, London.
Peron. F. 1807 Voyage de découvertes aux terres australes, exécuté sur les corvettes le Géographe, le Naturaliste, et la Goelette le Casuarina, pendant les années 1800-1804; Tome 1, partie historique. Arthus Bertrand, Paris.
Tschudi, J.J. von 1838 Classification der Batrachier, mit Berücksichtigung der fossilen Tiere dieser Abteilung der Reptilien. Erück Petitpierre, Neuchâtel.
White, J. 1790 Journal of a Voyage to New South Wales, with sixty five plates of non-descript animals, birds, lizards, serpents, curious cones of trees and other natural productions. Debrett, London.
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