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The discovery of the New South Wales molluscan fauna is discussed, from the discoveries of Cook's voyage at Botany Bay, up to the present day. The roles of the following workers are discussed: George French Angas, James Cox, John Brazier, Thomas Whitelegge, Charles Hedley, Joyce Allan, Tom Iredale, Charles Laseron, Tom Garrard, Don McMichael, Winston Ponder, Bill Rudman and Ian Loch. The history and current status of the Australian Museum mollusc collection is briefly presented.

Angas, G.F. 1867a. A list of species of marine mollusca found in Port Jackson harbour, New South Wales and adjacent coasts, with notes on their habitats, etc. Part 1. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1867: 185-233.
Angas, G.F. 1867b. A list of species of marine mollusca found in Port Jackson harbour, New South Wales and adjacent coasts, with notes on their habitats, etc. Part 2. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1867: 912-935.
Angas, G.F. 1869. Description of twelve new species of land and marine shells from Australia and the Solomon islands. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1869: 45-49.
Angas, G.F. 1871. A list of additional species of marine mollusca to be included in the fauna of Port Jackson and the adjacent coasts of new South Wales. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1871: 87-101.
Angas, G.F. 1877. A further list of additional species of marine mollusca to be included in the fauna of Port Jackson and the adjacent coasts of new South Wales. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1877: 178-194
Angas, G.F. and Crosse, H. Description d'especes nouvelles appartenant a plusiers genres de Mollusques Nudibranches des environs de Port-Jackson (Nouvelle Galle de Sud), accompagnee de dessins faits d'apres nature. Journal de Conchyliologie 12: 43-70, pls. 4-6.
Anon, 2006. George Fife Angas (1789 - 1879) in Australian Dictionary of Biography - Online Edition, Australian National University, 2006, http://www.adb.online.anu.edu.au/biogs/A010018b.htm, accessed 1 January 2008.
Baker, G. and Lowry, J. 2006. Whitelegge, Thomas (1850 - 1927), in Australian Dictionary of Biography - Online Edition, Australian National University, 2006, http://www.adb.online.anu.edu.au/biogs/A120531b.htm, accessed 10 January 2008.
Beechey, D.L. 2008 Seashells of New South Wales. Internet publication http://www.seashellsofnew.org.au/, accessed 14 January 2008.
Black, J.H. 1998. History of Discovery Pp. 6-10in Beesley, P.L., Ross, G.J.B., and Wells, A. (eds.) Mollusca: The Southern Synthesis. Fauna of Australia. Vol. 5. CSIRO Publishing, Melbourne, Part A xvi 563 pp.
Cox, J.C. 1868 A Monograph of Australian Land Shells. Maddock, Sydney 111 pp.
Cox, J.C. 1869a. On a new species of Haliotis from New South Wales. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1869: 49, pl. 26.
Cox, J.C. 1869b. On three new species of Australian Marine Shells. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1869: 358-359, pl. 26
Dance, S.P. 1971. The Cook voyages and conchology. The Journal of Conchology 26: 354-379.
Garrard, T. A. 1969. Amendments to Iredale & McMichael's “Reference list of the marine Mollusca of New South Wales”, 1962. Journal of the Malacological Society of Australia 1(12): 3-17.
Gould, A.A. 1852 United States Exploring Expedition during the years 1838, 1839, 1840, 1841, 1842 under the command of Charles Wilkes U.S.N. Vol. 12. Mollusca and Shells. C. Sherman, Philadelphia.
Hedley, C. 1900. Studies on Australian Mollusca. Part 1. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales 25: 87-100.
Hedley, C. 1902. Studies on Australian Mollusca. Part 6. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales 27: 7-29.
Hedley, C. 1918. Checklist of the New South Wales marine Mollusca. Journal and Proceedings of the Royal Society of New South Wales Supplement in 51: M1-M120.
Hunter, J. 1793 An historical journal of the transactions at Port Jackson and Norfolk Island; with the discoveries which have been made in New South Wales and the Southern Ocean since the publication of Phillip's voyage, compiled from the official papers; including the journals of Governors Phillip and King and of Lieut. Ball; and the voyages from the first sailing of the Sirius in 1897, to the return …to England in 1792. John Stockdale, London 583 pp.
Iredale, T. 1944. The land Mollusca of Lord Howe Island. Australian Zoologist 10: 299-334.
Iredale, T. 1956. History of New South Wales Shells. Part 1: Cook and his associates. Proceedings of the Royal Zoological Society of New South Wales 1954-55: 81-83.
Iredale, T. 1957. History of New South Wales shells. Part 2. The settlement years. Proceedings of the Royal Zoological Society of New South Wales 1955-56: 125-126
Iredale, T. 1958a. John (William) Brazier and some molluscan name changes Proceedings of the Royal Zoological Society of New South Wales 1956-57: 105-118.
Iredale, T. 1958b. Charles Hedley's papers indexed. Proceedings of the Royal Zoological Society of New South Wales 1956-57: 118-139.
Iredale, T. 1959. George French Angas: the father of Australian conchology. Australian Zoologist 12: 362-371.
Iredale, T. and Basset Hull, A.F. 1923. A monograph of the Australian loricates. Australian Zoologist 3:186-194.
Iredale, T. and McMichael. D.F. 1962. A reference list of the marine Mollusca of New South Wales. Memoirs of the Australian Museum 11: 1-109.
Kloot, T. 2006. Iredale, Tom (1880 - 1972) in Australian Dictionary of Biography - Online Edition, Australian National University, 2006, http://www.adb.online.anu.edu.au/biogs/A090431b.htm, accessed 15 January 2008.
Macmillan, D.S. 2006. Paterson, William (1755 - 1810) in Australian Dictionary of Biography - Online Edition, Australian National University, 2006, http://www.adb.online.anu.edu.au/biogs/A020284b.htm, accessed 8 January 2008.
McMichael, D.F. 1960 Some Common Shells of the Australian Sea Shore. Jacaranda Press, Brisbane.
McMichael, D.F. 1961. A bibliography of Charles Francis Laseron with an index to his new genera and species. Proceedings of the Royal Zoological Society of New South Wales 1958-59: 114-130.
McMichael, D.F. 2006. Brazier, John William (1842 - 1930) in Australian Dictionary of Biography - Online Edition, Australian National University, 2006, http://www.adb.online.anu.edu.au/biogs/A030206b.htm, accessed 8 January 2008.
McMichael, D.F. and Hiscock, I.D. 1958. A monograph of the freshwater mussels (Mollusca: Pelecypoda) of the Australian Region. Australian Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research 9: 372-508.
Middelfart, P. 2002. A revision of the Australian Condylocardiinae (Bivalvia: Carditoidea: Condylocardiidae). Molluscan Research 22: 23-85
Morgan, E.J.R. 2006. Angas, George French (1822 - 1886), in Australian Dictionary of Biography - Online Edition, Australian National University, 2006, http://www.adb.online.anu.edu.au/biogs/A010019b.htm, accessed 8 January 2008
Murray, J. 1880-1895 Report of the scientific results of the voyage of H.M.S. Challenger during the years 1873-76 under the command of Captain George S. Nares, R.N. F.R.S. and the late Captain Frank Tourle Thomson R.N. Her Majesty's Government, London.
Perry, G. 1811 Conchology, or the natural history of shells: containing a new arrangement of the genera and species, etc. London.
Ponder, W.F. 1968. The morphology of some small New Zealand prosobranchs. Records of the Dominium Museum 6: 62-95.
Ponder, W.F. 2008 Winston Frank Ponder. Curriculum Vitae. Manuscript, Australian Museum Malacology Library file ‘Bibliographies - Australian - Ponder’.
Ponder, W.F. and Lindberg, D.R. 2008 Phylogeny and evolution of the Mollusca. University of California Press, Berkeley
Reynolds, P.J. 2001. Nicolas Baudin's scientific expedition to the Terres Australes. Marine Life Society of South Australia Journal 2001. Internet publication http://www.mlssa.asn.au/journals/2001Journal.htm, accessed 6 June 2008.
Richardson, J.E. 1971. Dr. James Charles Cox - conchologist (1834-1912). Australian Zoologist 16: 71-83.
Rippingale, O.H. and McMichael, D.F. 1961 Queensland and Great Barrier Reef Shells. The Jacaranda Press, Brisbane.
Rudman, W.B. and Berguist, P.R. 2007. A review of feeding specificity in the sponge-feeding Chromodorididae (Nudibranchia: Mollusca). Molluscan Research 27: 60-88.
Smith, S.M. and Heppell, D. 1991. Checklist of British marine Mollusca. National Museums of Scotland Information Series No. 11: 1-114.
Stanbury, P.J. 1987. The discovery of the Australian fauna and the establishment of collections. pp. 202-226in Dyne, G.R. and Walton, D.W. (eds) Fauna of Australia General Articles. Vol. 1A Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.
Stoddart, D.R. 1992. Biogeography of the tropical Pacific. Pacific Science 46(2) 276-293.
Strahan, R. 1979 Rare and curious specimens. An illustrated history of the Australian Museum 1827-1979. The Australian Museum, Sydney.
Teale, R. 2006. Cox, James Charles (1834 - 1912) in Australian Dictionary of Biography - Online Edition, Australian National University, 2006, http://www.adb.online.anu.edu.au/biogs/A030521b.htm, accessed 8 January 2008.
Tomlin, J.R. le B. 1925. Obituaries. Charles Hedley F.L.S. 1862-1926. Proceedings of the Malacological Society of London 16: 178-182.
Vallance, T.G. 2006. ‘Laseron, Charles Francis (Carl) (1887 - 1959)’ in Australian Dictionary of Biography - Online Edition, Australian National University, 2006, http://www.adb.online.anu.edu.au/biogs/A090677b.htm, accessed 26 January 2008.
Vaught, K.C. 1989 A classification of the living Mollusca. American Malacologists, Melbourne, Florida.
Whitelegge, T. 1889. List of the marine and fresh-water invertebrate fauna of Port Jackson and the neighbourhood. Journal and Proceedings of the Royal Society of New South Wales 23: 163-323.
Watson, R.B. 1886. Report on the Scaphopoda and Gastropoda collected by H.M.S. Challenger during the years 1873-1876. Scientific Results of the Voyage of H.M S. Challenger, Zoology 15(42): 1-765.
Whitley, G.P. 1968. Joyce Allan (1896-1966). Journal of the Malacological Society of Australia 1(11): 50-58.
Whitley, G.P. 1969. Conchologists of the past. 2. George French Angas (1822-1886). Journal of the Malacological Society of Australia 12: 48-60.
Whitley, G.P. 1970 Early History of Australian Zoology. Royal Zoological Society of New South Wales, Sydney. 75 pp.
Whitley, G.P. 1972. The life and work of Tom Iredale (1880-1972). The Australian Zoologist 17: 65-125.
Zilch, A. 1959-1960. Gastropoda Teil 2. Euthyneura. In Schindewolf, O.H. (ed.) Handbuch der Palaozoologie. Vol. 6. Gebtruder Borntrager, Berlin. xii 834 pp.
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Contents

Figures & Tables

References

Angas, G.F. 1867a. A list of species of marine mollusca found in Port Jackson harbour, New South Wales and adjacent coasts, with notes on their habitats, etc. Part 1. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1867: 185-233.
Angas, G.F. 1867b. A list of species of marine mollusca found in Port Jackson harbour, New South Wales and adjacent coasts, with notes on their habitats, etc. Part 2. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1867: 912-935.
Angas, G.F. 1869. Description of twelve new species of land and marine shells from Australia and the Solomon islands. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1869: 45-49.
Angas, G.F. 1871. A list of additional species of marine mollusca to be included in the fauna of Port Jackson and the adjacent coasts of new South Wales. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1871: 87-101.
Angas, G.F. 1877. A further list of additional species of marine mollusca to be included in the fauna of Port Jackson and the adjacent coasts of new South Wales. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1877: 178-194
Angas, G.F. and Crosse, H. Description d'especes nouvelles appartenant a plusiers genres de Mollusques Nudibranches des environs de Port-Jackson (Nouvelle Galle de Sud), accompagnee de dessins faits d'apres nature. Journal de Conchyliologie 12: 43-70, pls. 4-6.
Anon, 2006. George Fife Angas (1789 - 1879) in Australian Dictionary of Biography - Online Edition, Australian National University, 2006, http://www.adb.online.anu.edu.au/biogs/A010018b.htm, accessed 1 January 2008.
Baker, G. and Lowry, J. 2006. Whitelegge, Thomas (1850 - 1927), in Australian Dictionary of Biography - Online Edition, Australian National University, 2006, http://www.adb.online.anu.edu.au/biogs/A120531b.htm, accessed 10 January 2008.
Beechey, D.L. 2008 Seashells of New South Wales. Internet publication http://www.seashellsofnew.org.au/, accessed 14 January 2008.
Black, J.H. 1998. History of Discovery Pp. 6-10in Beesley, P.L., Ross, G.J.B., and Wells, A. (eds.) Mollusca: The Southern Synthesis. Fauna of Australia. Vol. 5. CSIRO Publishing, Melbourne, Part A xvi 563 pp.
Cox, J.C. 1868 A Monograph of Australian Land Shells. Maddock, Sydney 111 pp.
Cox, J.C. 1869a. On a new species of Haliotis from New South Wales. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1869: 49, pl. 26.
Cox, J.C. 1869b. On three new species of Australian Marine Shells. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1869: 358-359, pl. 26
Dance, S.P. 1971. The Cook voyages and conchology. The Journal of Conchology 26: 354-379.
Garrard, T. A. 1969. Amendments to Iredale & McMichael's “Reference list of the marine Mollusca of New South Wales”, 1962. Journal of the Malacological Society of Australia 1(12): 3-17.
Gould, A.A. 1852 United States Exploring Expedition during the years 1838, 1839, 1840, 1841, 1842 under the command of Charles Wilkes U.S.N. Vol. 12. Mollusca and Shells. C. Sherman, Philadelphia.
Hedley, C. 1900. Studies on Australian Mollusca. Part 1. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales 25: 87-100.
Hedley, C. 1902. Studies on Australian Mollusca. Part 6. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales 27: 7-29.
Hedley, C. 1918. Checklist of the New South Wales marine Mollusca. Journal and Proceedings of the Royal Society of New South Wales Supplement in 51: M1-M120.
Hunter, J. 1793 An historical journal of the transactions at Port Jackson and Norfolk Island; with the discoveries which have been made in New South Wales and the Southern Ocean since the publication of Phillip's voyage, compiled from the official papers; including the journals of Governors Phillip and King and of Lieut. Ball; and the voyages from the first sailing of the Sirius in 1897, to the return …to England in 1792. John Stockdale, London 583 pp.
Iredale, T. 1944. The land Mollusca of Lord Howe Island. Australian Zoologist 10: 299-334.
Iredale, T. 1956. History of New South Wales Shells. Part 1: Cook and his associates. Proceedings of the Royal Zoological Society of New South Wales 1954-55: 81-83.
Iredale, T. 1957. History of New South Wales shells. Part 2. The settlement years. Proceedings of the Royal Zoological Society of New South Wales 1955-56: 125-126
Iredale, T. 1958a. John (William) Brazier and some molluscan name changes Proceedings of the Royal Zoological Society of New South Wales 1956-57: 105-118.
Iredale, T. 1958b. Charles Hedley's papers indexed. Proceedings of the Royal Zoological Society of New South Wales 1956-57: 118-139.
Iredale, T. 1959. George French Angas: the father of Australian conchology. Australian Zoologist 12: 362-371.
Iredale, T. and Basset Hull, A.F. 1923. A monograph of the Australian loricates. Australian Zoologist 3:186-194.
Iredale, T. and McMichael. D.F. 1962. A reference list of the marine Mollusca of New South Wales. Memoirs of the Australian Museum 11: 1-109.
Kloot, T. 2006. Iredale, Tom (1880 - 1972) in Australian Dictionary of Biography - Online Edition, Australian National University, 2006, http://www.adb.online.anu.edu.au/biogs/A090431b.htm, accessed 15 January 2008.
Macmillan, D.S. 2006. Paterson, William (1755 - 1810) in Australian Dictionary of Biography - Online Edition, Australian National University, 2006, http://www.adb.online.anu.edu.au/biogs/A020284b.htm, accessed 8 January 2008.
McMichael, D.F. 1960 Some Common Shells of the Australian Sea Shore. Jacaranda Press, Brisbane.
McMichael, D.F. 1961. A bibliography of Charles Francis Laseron with an index to his new genera and species. Proceedings of the Royal Zoological Society of New South Wales 1958-59: 114-130.
McMichael, D.F. 2006. Brazier, John William (1842 - 1930) in Australian Dictionary of Biography - Online Edition, Australian National University, 2006, http://www.adb.online.anu.edu.au/biogs/A030206b.htm, accessed 8 January 2008.
McMichael, D.F. and Hiscock, I.D. 1958. A monograph of the freshwater mussels (Mollusca: Pelecypoda) of the Australian Region. Australian Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research 9: 372-508.
Middelfart, P. 2002. A revision of the Australian Condylocardiinae (Bivalvia: Carditoidea: Condylocardiidae). Molluscan Research 22: 23-85
Morgan, E.J.R. 2006. Angas, George French (1822 - 1886), in Australian Dictionary of Biography - Online Edition, Australian National University, 2006, http://www.adb.online.anu.edu.au/biogs/A010019b.htm, accessed 8 January 2008
Murray, J. 1880-1895 Report of the scientific results of the voyage of H.M.S. Challenger during the years 1873-76 under the command of Captain George S. Nares, R.N. F.R.S. and the late Captain Frank Tourle Thomson R.N. Her Majesty's Government, London.
Perry, G. 1811 Conchology, or the natural history of shells: containing a new arrangement of the genera and species, etc. London.
Ponder, W.F. 1968. The morphology of some small New Zealand prosobranchs. Records of the Dominium Museum 6: 62-95.
Ponder, W.F. 2008 Winston Frank Ponder. Curriculum Vitae. Manuscript, Australian Museum Malacology Library file ‘Bibliographies - Australian - Ponder’.
Ponder, W.F. and Lindberg, D.R. 2008 Phylogeny and evolution of the Mollusca. University of California Press, Berkeley
Reynolds, P.J. 2001. Nicolas Baudin's scientific expedition to the Terres Australes. Marine Life Society of South Australia Journal 2001. Internet publication http://www.mlssa.asn.au/journals/2001Journal.htm, accessed 6 June 2008.
Richardson, J.E. 1971. Dr. James Charles Cox - conchologist (1834-1912). Australian Zoologist 16: 71-83.
Rippingale, O.H. and McMichael, D.F. 1961 Queensland and Great Barrier Reef Shells. The Jacaranda Press, Brisbane.
Rudman, W.B. and Berguist, P.R. 2007. A review of feeding specificity in the sponge-feeding Chromodorididae (Nudibranchia: Mollusca). Molluscan Research 27: 60-88.
Smith, S.M. and Heppell, D. 1991. Checklist of British marine Mollusca. National Museums of Scotland Information Series No. 11: 1-114.
Stanbury, P.J. 1987. The discovery of the Australian fauna and the establishment of collections. pp. 202-226in Dyne, G.R. and Walton, D.W. (eds) Fauna of Australia General Articles. Vol. 1A Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.
Stoddart, D.R. 1992. Biogeography of the tropical Pacific. Pacific Science 46(2) 276-293.
Strahan, R. 1979 Rare and curious specimens. An illustrated history of the Australian Museum 1827-1979. The Australian Museum, Sydney.
Teale, R. 2006. Cox, James Charles (1834 - 1912) in Australian Dictionary of Biography - Online Edition, Australian National University, 2006, http://www.adb.online.anu.edu.au/biogs/A030521b.htm, accessed 8 January 2008.
Tomlin, J.R. le B. 1925. Obituaries. Charles Hedley F.L.S. 1862-1926. Proceedings of the Malacological Society of London 16: 178-182.
Vallance, T.G. 2006. ‘Laseron, Charles Francis (Carl) (1887 - 1959)’ in Australian Dictionary of Biography - Online Edition, Australian National University, 2006, http://www.adb.online.anu.edu.au/biogs/A090677b.htm, accessed 26 January 2008.
Vaught, K.C. 1989 A classification of the living Mollusca. American Malacologists, Melbourne, Florida.
Whitelegge, T. 1889. List of the marine and fresh-water invertebrate fauna of Port Jackson and the neighbourhood. Journal and Proceedings of the Royal Society of New South Wales 23: 163-323.
Watson, R.B. 1886. Report on the Scaphopoda and Gastropoda collected by H.M.S. Challenger during the years 1873-1876. Scientific Results of the Voyage of H.M S. Challenger, Zoology 15(42): 1-765.
Whitley, G.P. 1968. Joyce Allan (1896-1966). Journal of the Malacological Society of Australia 1(11): 50-58.
Whitley, G.P. 1969. Conchologists of the past. 2. George French Angas (1822-1886). Journal of the Malacological Society of Australia 12: 48-60.
Whitley, G.P. 1970 Early History of Australian Zoology. Royal Zoological Society of New South Wales, Sydney. 75 pp.
Whitley, G.P. 1972. The life and work of Tom Iredale (1880-1972). The Australian Zoologist 17: 65-125.
Zilch, A. 1959-1960. Gastropoda Teil 2. Euthyneura. In Schindewolf, O.H. (ed.) Handbuch der Palaozoologie. Vol. 6. Gebtruder Borntrager, Berlin. xii 834 pp.
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