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Despite international concern for biodiversity loss, as urban pressure increases on the Cumberland Plain of Western Sydney, the native vegetation continues to be lost despite being classified as an ‘endangered ecological community’ under both state and federal legislation. While substantial sized remnants may evoke public attention, small developments are often approved without adequate attention to the long term impact on even the threatened species of the Plain. In this paper we provide examples of the way in which remnants that may be only a single housing lot in size, can be habitat for protected species. The on-going loss of these, often tiny reservoirs, is undoubtedly resulting in the loss of native biodiversity by ‘1000 cuts’.

ADI Residents Action Group, undated Save Western Sydney's Endangered Bushland. http://www.adisite.org/ (accessed 26 December, 2008).
Arnold, G. W., Steven, D. E., Weeldenburg, J. R. and Smith, E. A. 1993. Influences of remnant size, spacing pattern and connectivity on population boundaries and demography in euros Macropus robustus living in a fragmented landscape. Biological Conservation 64: 219-230.
Burgin, S. 2010. A natural history of the Ham Common, the lands sandwiched between Richmond and Windsor - two of Governor Macquarie's five towns, Pp 263-276 in The natural history of Sydney, edited by D. Lunney, P. Hutchings, and D. Hochuli. Royal Zoological Society of NSW, Mosman, NSW, Australia.
Buxton, M., Tieman, G., Bekessy, S., Budge, T., Mercer, D., Coote, M. and Morcombe, J. 2006 Change and Continuity in Peri-urban Australia, State of the Peri-urban Regions: A Review of the Literature. RMIT University, Melbourne.
Cabeza, M. and Moilanen, A. 2006. Replacement cost: A practical measure of site value for cost-effective reserve planning. Biological Conservation 132: 336-342.
Clarke, S. 2005 Systematics, Spatial Analysis and Conservation Genetics ofMeridolumcorneovirens (Pfeiffer, 1851) and Related Forms (Gastropoda: Camaenidae) from the Sydney Region of Australia. University of Western Sydney, Richmond.
Ewers, R. M. and Didham, R. K. 2005. Confounding factors in the detection of species responses to habitat fragmentation. Biological Reviews 81: 117-142.
Frankham, R., Ballou, J. D. and Briscoe, D. A. 2004 A Primer of Conservation Genetics. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
Garden, J., McAlpine, C., Peterson, A. N. N., Jones, D. and Possingham, H. 2006. Review of the ecology of Australian urban fauna: a focus on spatially explicit processes. Austral Ecology 31: 126-148.
Goldingay, R. 1996. The green and golden bell frog Litoria aurea - from riches to ruins: conservation of a formerly common species. Australian Zoologist 30: 248-256.
Manning, A. D., Fischer, J. and Lindenmayer, D. B. 2006. Scattered trees are keystone structures - implications for conservation. Biological Conservation 132: 311-321.
Moon, K. 1999 Battle Intensifies to Save ADI St Marys Site. http://www.greenleft.org.au/1999/353/19236. (accessed 26 December, 2008).
NSW Wales Scientific Committee. 2008 Cumberland Plain Woodland in the Sydney Basin Bioregion - Proposed Critical Endangered Ecological Community Listing. New South Wales Department of Environment and Climate Change, http://www.environment.nsw.gov.au/determinations/cumberlandplainpd.htm (accessed 26 December, 2008).
Sattler, P. and Creighton, C. 2002 Australian Terrestrial Biodiversity Assessment 2002. Australian Natural Resources Atlas Publications, National Land and Water Audit, Braddon.
Shine, R. and Koenig, J. 2001. Snakes in the garden: an analysis of reptiles “rescued” by community-based wildlife carers. Biological Conservation 102: 271-283.
Simberloff, D. 1998. Flagships, umbrellas, and keystones: Is single-species management passe in the landscape era? Biological Conservation 83: 247-257.
Sotherton, N. W. 1998. Land use changes and the decline of farmland wildlife: An appraisal of the set-aside approach. Biological Conservation 83: 259-268.
Stevens, K. 2008 St Marys ADI Site Development may Seal Labor's Fate. Penrith City Star. http://penrith.yourguide.com.au/news/local/news/general/st-marys-adi-site-development-may-seal-labors-fate/1351268.aspx (accessed 26 December, 2008).
Suter, W. 1998. Involving conservation biology in biodiversity strategy and action planning. Biological Conservation 83: 235-237.
Ward, J. V. 1998. Riverine landscapes: Biodiversity patterns, disturbance regimes, and aquatic conservation. Biological Conservation 83: 269-278.
White, A. W. and Pyke, G. H. 1996. Distribution and conservation status of the green and golden bell frog Litoria aurea in New south Wales. Australian Zoologist 30: 177-189.
Woinarski, J. C. Z., McCosker, J. C., Gordon, G., Lawrie, B., James, C., Augusteyn, J., Slater, L. and Danvers, T. 2006. Monitoring change in the vertebrate fauna of central Queensland, Australia, over a period of broad-scale vegetation clearance, 1973-2002. Wildlife Research 33: 263-274.
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References

ADI Residents Action Group, undated Save Western Sydney's Endangered Bushland. http://www.adisite.org/ (accessed 26 December, 2008).
Arnold, G. W., Steven, D. E., Weeldenburg, J. R. and Smith, E. A. 1993. Influences of remnant size, spacing pattern and connectivity on population boundaries and demography in euros Macropus robustus living in a fragmented landscape. Biological Conservation 64: 219-230.
Burgin, S. 2010. A natural history of the Ham Common, the lands sandwiched between Richmond and Windsor - two of Governor Macquarie's five towns, Pp 263-276 in The natural history of Sydney, edited by D. Lunney, P. Hutchings, and D. Hochuli. Royal Zoological Society of NSW, Mosman, NSW, Australia.
Buxton, M., Tieman, G., Bekessy, S., Budge, T., Mercer, D., Coote, M. and Morcombe, J. 2006 Change and Continuity in Peri-urban Australia, State of the Peri-urban Regions: A Review of the Literature. RMIT University, Melbourne.
Cabeza, M. and Moilanen, A. 2006. Replacement cost: A practical measure of site value for cost-effective reserve planning. Biological Conservation 132: 336-342.
Clarke, S. 2005 Systematics, Spatial Analysis and Conservation Genetics ofMeridolumcorneovirens (Pfeiffer, 1851) and Related Forms (Gastropoda: Camaenidae) from the Sydney Region of Australia. University of Western Sydney, Richmond.
Ewers, R. M. and Didham, R. K. 2005. Confounding factors in the detection of species responses to habitat fragmentation. Biological Reviews 81: 117-142.
Frankham, R., Ballou, J. D. and Briscoe, D. A. 2004 A Primer of Conservation Genetics. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
Garden, J., McAlpine, C., Peterson, A. N. N., Jones, D. and Possingham, H. 2006. Review of the ecology of Australian urban fauna: a focus on spatially explicit processes. Austral Ecology 31: 126-148.
Goldingay, R. 1996. The green and golden bell frog Litoria aurea - from riches to ruins: conservation of a formerly common species. Australian Zoologist 30: 248-256.
Manning, A. D., Fischer, J. and Lindenmayer, D. B. 2006. Scattered trees are keystone structures - implications for conservation. Biological Conservation 132: 311-321.
Moon, K. 1999 Battle Intensifies to Save ADI St Marys Site. http://www.greenleft.org.au/1999/353/19236. (accessed 26 December, 2008).
NSW Wales Scientific Committee. 2008 Cumberland Plain Woodland in the Sydney Basin Bioregion - Proposed Critical Endangered Ecological Community Listing. New South Wales Department of Environment and Climate Change, http://www.environment.nsw.gov.au/determinations/cumberlandplainpd.htm (accessed 26 December, 2008).
Sattler, P. and Creighton, C. 2002 Australian Terrestrial Biodiversity Assessment 2002. Australian Natural Resources Atlas Publications, National Land and Water Audit, Braddon.
Shine, R. and Koenig, J. 2001. Snakes in the garden: an analysis of reptiles “rescued” by community-based wildlife carers. Biological Conservation 102: 271-283.
Simberloff, D. 1998. Flagships, umbrellas, and keystones: Is single-species management passe in the landscape era? Biological Conservation 83: 247-257.
Sotherton, N. W. 1998. Land use changes and the decline of farmland wildlife: An appraisal of the set-aside approach. Biological Conservation 83: 259-268.
Stevens, K. 2008 St Marys ADI Site Development may Seal Labor's Fate. Penrith City Star. http://penrith.yourguide.com.au/news/local/news/general/st-marys-adi-site-development-may-seal-labors-fate/1351268.aspx (accessed 26 December, 2008).
Suter, W. 1998. Involving conservation biology in biodiversity strategy and action planning. Biological Conservation 83: 235-237.
Ward, J. V. 1998. Riverine landscapes: Biodiversity patterns, disturbance regimes, and aquatic conservation. Biological Conservation 83: 269-278.
White, A. W. and Pyke, G. H. 1996. Distribution and conservation status of the green and golden bell frog Litoria aurea in New south Wales. Australian Zoologist 30: 177-189.
Woinarski, J. C. Z., McCosker, J. C., Gordon, G., Lawrie, B., James, C., Augusteyn, J., Slater, L. and Danvers, T. 2006. Monitoring change in the vertebrate fauna of central Queensland, Australia, over a period of broad-scale vegetation clearance, 1973-2002. Wildlife Research 33: 263-274.
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