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Western Botany Bay is an extensively urbanized area only 10 kilometres from the Sydney CBD. The residential and light industrial estates that span the landscape conceal a rich landscape that was once a major food source for early Sydney. The hinterland of western Botany Bay was not settled until relatively late because access to the area was difficult and hazardous. The twin rivers (Cooks and Georges) provided effective barriers against early settlement. However, settlement was needed as the woodlands and wetlands therein were a bountiful source of food not to be ignored. Similarly, tall, mixed forests of ironbark and turpentine trees were sought after as construction timber for the new dwellings of Sydney. The exploitation of the wildlife of western Botany Bay was only the start of its demise. The vast wetlands entrapped behind the coastal dunes were systematically dredged and drained over 100 years until now only 7% of their area still remains. Despite the great reduction in wetland area, remnant wetland and woodland areas still contain over 250 species of native plants and 180 species of vertebrate animals.

Benson, D., and Howell, J. 1990 Taken for Granted. The Bushland of Sydney and its Suburbs. Kangaroo Press, Sydney.
Benson, D., Ondinea, D., and Bear, V. 1999 Missing Jigsaw Pieces. The bushplants of the Cooks River Valley. Royal Botanic Gardens. Sydney.
Bonner, J. 1963. Joseph Bonner. In Early Settlers of the St George District, Volume 1: 8-9. St George Historical Society.
Birkby, T. 1836. Letter written May 31, 1836. In Early Settlers of the St George District, Volume 1: 45-47. St George Historical Society.
Clouston 1999. Rockdale Wetlands and Recreation Corridor Management Strategy. Draft No. 2. Prepared by Clouston for Rockdale City Council.
Eardley, G. 1986a. The western verge of Pat Moore's Swamp. St George Historical Society.
Eardley, G. 1986b. The early history: Tempe and the Black Creek Valley. St George Historical Society.
Earnshaw, B. 2001 The Land between Two Rivers. Kogarah Historical Society Inc.
Etheridge, R., and Edgeworth David, T.W. 1896. On the occurrence of a submerged forest with the remains of the dugong, at Sheas Creek, near Sydney. Journal of the Royal Society of New South Wales 30: 77-80.
Gibbs, P., McVea, T., Louden, B. 1999. Utilization of restored wetlands by fish and invertebrates. NSW State Fisheries. Internal report, Series 16.
Guider, M. 1998 Aboriginal History of Rockdale. Rockdale City Library Special Collection.
Keast, A. 1995. Habitat loss and species loss: the birds of Sydney 50 years ago and now. Australian Zoologist 30: 3-25.
Napper, C. 1857. Charles Napper. In Early Settlers of the St George District, Volume 1: 30-31. St George Historical Society.
National Trust 1988. Rockdale Bushland Survey. Prepared by the National Trust of New South Wales for Rockdale City Council.
Phillip, A. 1950 A Voyage of Governor Phillip to Botany Bay, with an account of the establishment of the colony of Port Jackson and Norfolk Island.to which were added the Journals of Shortland, Watts, Bell and Marshall. Stockdale Press, London. 1950 Facsimile Edition.
Rathbone, R.W. 2000 The Suburb that Grew from the Sand Hills. Brighton Le Sands. Rockdale City Council.
Rathbone, R.W. 2002 The Sans Souci Peninsula. Book House, Glebe.
Rathbone, R.W. 2006 From White Gum Flat to the Suburb of Rockdale. Rockdale City Council.
Robinson, D., and J. Brouwer. 1989. Legislative protection to birds in Australia and its territories. RAOU Report No. 62.
Watkin Tench 1789 A Narrative of the Expedition to Botany Bay and A complete Account of the settlement of Port Jackson. Ed. T. Flannery. Text Publishing Co, Melbourne. 1996 Facsimile Edition.
White, A.W. 1999. Preliminary Fauna Survey of the Hawthorne Street Natural Area. Prepared for Rockdale City Council.
White, A.W. 2002. Flora and Fauna Study of the Rockdale LGA. Prepared for Rockdale City Council. Biosphere Environmental Consultants P.L.
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References

Benson, D., and Howell, J. 1990 Taken for Granted. The Bushland of Sydney and its Suburbs. Kangaroo Press, Sydney.
Benson, D., Ondinea, D., and Bear, V. 1999 Missing Jigsaw Pieces. The bushplants of the Cooks River Valley. Royal Botanic Gardens. Sydney.
Bonner, J. 1963. Joseph Bonner. In Early Settlers of the St George District, Volume 1: 8-9. St George Historical Society.
Birkby, T. 1836. Letter written May 31, 1836. In Early Settlers of the St George District, Volume 1: 45-47. St George Historical Society.
Clouston 1999. Rockdale Wetlands and Recreation Corridor Management Strategy. Draft No. 2. Prepared by Clouston for Rockdale City Council.
Eardley, G. 1986a. The western verge of Pat Moore's Swamp. St George Historical Society.
Eardley, G. 1986b. The early history: Tempe and the Black Creek Valley. St George Historical Society.
Earnshaw, B. 2001 The Land between Two Rivers. Kogarah Historical Society Inc.
Etheridge, R., and Edgeworth David, T.W. 1896. On the occurrence of a submerged forest with the remains of the dugong, at Sheas Creek, near Sydney. Journal of the Royal Society of New South Wales 30: 77-80.
Gibbs, P., McVea, T., Louden, B. 1999. Utilization of restored wetlands by fish and invertebrates. NSW State Fisheries. Internal report, Series 16.
Guider, M. 1998 Aboriginal History of Rockdale. Rockdale City Library Special Collection.
Keast, A. 1995. Habitat loss and species loss: the birds of Sydney 50 years ago and now. Australian Zoologist 30: 3-25.
Napper, C. 1857. Charles Napper. In Early Settlers of the St George District, Volume 1: 30-31. St George Historical Society.
National Trust 1988. Rockdale Bushland Survey. Prepared by the National Trust of New South Wales for Rockdale City Council.
Phillip, A. 1950 A Voyage of Governor Phillip to Botany Bay, with an account of the establishment of the colony of Port Jackson and Norfolk Island.to which were added the Journals of Shortland, Watts, Bell and Marshall. Stockdale Press, London. 1950 Facsimile Edition.
Rathbone, R.W. 2000 The Suburb that Grew from the Sand Hills. Brighton Le Sands. Rockdale City Council.
Rathbone, R.W. 2002 The Sans Souci Peninsula. Book House, Glebe.
Rathbone, R.W. 2006 From White Gum Flat to the Suburb of Rockdale. Rockdale City Council.
Robinson, D., and J. Brouwer. 1989. Legislative protection to birds in Australia and its territories. RAOU Report No. 62.
Watkin Tench 1789 A Narrative of the Expedition to Botany Bay and A complete Account of the settlement of Port Jackson. Ed. T. Flannery. Text Publishing Co, Melbourne. 1996 Facsimile Edition.
White, A.W. 1999. Preliminary Fauna Survey of the Hawthorne Street Natural Area. Prepared for Rockdale City Council.
White, A.W. 2002. Flora and Fauna Study of the Rockdale LGA. Prepared for Rockdale City Council. Biosphere Environmental Consultants P.L.
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