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We are concerned at how research agendas of science, and conservation biology in particular, are potentially being deformed by the dominant influence of a single entity, Journal Impact Factors, which in turn reflect the business model of the USA-based global corporate entity Thomson Reuters. We are particularly concerned that this single metric results in systematic suppression of research vital for conservation biology in Australia. We outline the ways by which Journal Impact Factors impact negatively on the kinds of research which underpin the conservation of Australia's biodiversity. We argue that the influence of this scheme on Australian science needs to be changed. A new formula will require a much greater emphasis on an Australian, not an American, perspective, and a decoupling of the metric of impact factor from a business model for publishing houses.

Adam, P. 2010. The study of natural history-a PPP. Pp 1-15 in The Natural History of Sydney, edited by D. Lunney, P. Hutchings and D. Hochuli. Royal Zoological Society of NSW, Mosman, NSW, Australia.
Bryant, K. A. and Calver, M. C. 2012. Adaptive radiation in Australian journals in the Arbustocene ERA: an empty niche for JANCO? Pp XX-XX in Science under Siege, edited by P. Banks, D. Lunney and C. Dickman. Royal Zoological Society of NSW, Mosman, NSW, Australia.
Calver, M. C. and Bryant, K. A. 2008. Pacific Conservation Biology: An authorship and citation analysis. Pacific Conservation Biology 14: 285-303.
Calver, M. C., O'Brien, P. A. and Lilith, M. In press. Australasian Plant Pathology: an analysis of authorship and citations in the 21st century. Australasian Plant Pathology.
Calver, M., Lymbery, A., McComb, J. and Bamford, M. (eds), 2009 Environmental Biology. Cambridge University Press, Port Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.
Calver, M., Wardell-Johnson, G., Bradley, S. and Taplin, R. 2010. What makes a journal international? A case study using conservation biology journals. Scientometrics 85: 387-400.
Falagas, M.E. and Alexiou, V.G. 2008. The top-ten in journal impact factor manipulation. Archivum Immunologiae et Therapiae Experimentalis 56: 223-226.
Garfield, E. 2006. The history and meaning of the Journal Impact Factor. Journal of the American Medical Association 295: 219-221.
Krefft, G. 1866. On the vertebrate animals of the lower Murray and Darling, their habits, economy and geographical distribution. Transactions of the Philosophical Society of New South Wales 1862-1865: 1-133.
Krell, F.-T. 2000. Impact factors aren't relevant to taxonomy. Nature 405: 507-508.
Krell, F.-T. 2002. Why impact factors don't work for taxonomy. Nature 415: 917.
Kutt, A.S., Kemp, J.E., McDonald, K.R., Williams, Y., Williams, S.E., Hines, H.B., Hero, J-M. and Torr, G. 2005. Vertebrate fauna survey of White Mountains National Park in the Desert Uplands Bioregion, central-north Queensland. Australian Zoologist 33: 17-38.
Lindenmayer, D. B., and Likens. G.E. 2011. Losing the culture of ecology. Bulletin of the Ecological Society of America 92: 245-246.
Llewellyn, L. 2006. Breeding and development of the endangered Purple-spotted Gudgeon Mogurnda adspersa population from the Murray Darling. Australian Zoologist 33: 480-510.
Noss, R. 1996. The naturalists are dying off. Conservation Biology 10: 1-3.
Postma, E. 2007. Inflated Impact Factors? The true impact of evolutionary papers in non-evolutionary journals. PLoS ONE 2: 1-5.
Recher H., Lunney, D. and Dunn, I. 1979 (2nd edn 1986). A Natural Legacy. Ecology in Australia. Pergamon Press, Rushcutters Bay, Sydney, Australia.
Sala, O. E., Chapin, F. S., Armesto, J. J., Berlow, E., Bloomfield, J., Dirzo, R., Huber-Sanwald, E., Huenneke, L. F., Jackson, R. B., Kinzig, A., Leemans, R., Lodge, D. M., Mooney, H. A., Oesterheld, M., Poff, N. L., Sykes, M. T., Walker, B. H., Walker, M., and Wall D. H. 2000. Global biodiversity scenarios for the year 2100. Science 287: 1770-1774.
Uniyal, S. K. 2011. Prioritizing taxonomy. Science 332: 536-537.
Werner, Y. H. 2009. The aspiration to be good is bad: the ‘Impact Factor’ hurts both science and society. International Journal of Science in Society 1: 99-105.
Whittaker, R. J. 2010. Meta-analyses and mega-mistakes: calling time on meta-analysis of the species richness-productivity relationship. Ecology 91: 2522-2533.
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References

Adam, P. 2010. The study of natural history-a PPP. Pp 1-15 in The Natural History of Sydney, edited by D. Lunney, P. Hutchings and D. Hochuli. Royal Zoological Society of NSW, Mosman, NSW, Australia.
Bryant, K. A. and Calver, M. C. 2012. Adaptive radiation in Australian journals in the Arbustocene ERA: an empty niche for JANCO? Pp XX-XX in Science under Siege, edited by P. Banks, D. Lunney and C. Dickman. Royal Zoological Society of NSW, Mosman, NSW, Australia.
Calver, M. C. and Bryant, K. A. 2008. Pacific Conservation Biology: An authorship and citation analysis. Pacific Conservation Biology 14: 285-303.
Calver, M. C., O'Brien, P. A. and Lilith, M. In press. Australasian Plant Pathology: an analysis of authorship and citations in the 21st century. Australasian Plant Pathology.
Calver, M., Lymbery, A., McComb, J. and Bamford, M. (eds), 2009 Environmental Biology. Cambridge University Press, Port Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.
Calver, M., Wardell-Johnson, G., Bradley, S. and Taplin, R. 2010. What makes a journal international? A case study using conservation biology journals. Scientometrics 85: 387-400.
Falagas, M.E. and Alexiou, V.G. 2008. The top-ten in journal impact factor manipulation. Archivum Immunologiae et Therapiae Experimentalis 56: 223-226.
Garfield, E. 2006. The history and meaning of the Journal Impact Factor. Journal of the American Medical Association 295: 219-221.
Krefft, G. 1866. On the vertebrate animals of the lower Murray and Darling, their habits, economy and geographical distribution. Transactions of the Philosophical Society of New South Wales 1862-1865: 1-133.
Krell, F.-T. 2000. Impact factors aren't relevant to taxonomy. Nature 405: 507-508.
Krell, F.-T. 2002. Why impact factors don't work for taxonomy. Nature 415: 917.
Kutt, A.S., Kemp, J.E., McDonald, K.R., Williams, Y., Williams, S.E., Hines, H.B., Hero, J-M. and Torr, G. 2005. Vertebrate fauna survey of White Mountains National Park in the Desert Uplands Bioregion, central-north Queensland. Australian Zoologist 33: 17-38.
Lindenmayer, D. B., and Likens. G.E. 2011. Losing the culture of ecology. Bulletin of the Ecological Society of America 92: 245-246.
Llewellyn, L. 2006. Breeding and development of the endangered Purple-spotted Gudgeon Mogurnda adspersa population from the Murray Darling. Australian Zoologist 33: 480-510.
Noss, R. 1996. The naturalists are dying off. Conservation Biology 10: 1-3.
Postma, E. 2007. Inflated Impact Factors? The true impact of evolutionary papers in non-evolutionary journals. PLoS ONE 2: 1-5.
Recher H., Lunney, D. and Dunn, I. 1979 (2nd edn 1986). A Natural Legacy. Ecology in Australia. Pergamon Press, Rushcutters Bay, Sydney, Australia.
Sala, O. E., Chapin, F. S., Armesto, J. J., Berlow, E., Bloomfield, J., Dirzo, R., Huber-Sanwald, E., Huenneke, L. F., Jackson, R. B., Kinzig, A., Leemans, R., Lodge, D. M., Mooney, H. A., Oesterheld, M., Poff, N. L., Sykes, M. T., Walker, B. H., Walker, M., and Wall D. H. 2000. Global biodiversity scenarios for the year 2100. Science 287: 1770-1774.
Uniyal, S. K. 2011. Prioritizing taxonomy. Science 332: 536-537.
Werner, Y. H. 2009. The aspiration to be good is bad: the ‘Impact Factor’ hurts both science and society. International Journal of Science in Society 1: 99-105.
Whittaker, R. J. 2010. Meta-analyses and mega-mistakes: calling time on meta-analysis of the species richness-productivity relationship. Ecology 91: 2522-2533.
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