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The endangered Mountain Pygmy-possum Burramys parvus is an alpine-subalpine specialist and the only Australian mammal entirely restricted to areas above the winter snowline. There are three geographically isolated populations of B. parvus: Kosciuszko National Park (South Ramshead - Cabramurra) in New South Wales, and Mt Bogong - Mt Higginbotham and Mt Buller in Victoria. Populations have shown signs of rapid decline over the last 15 years. The duration of snow cover and time of snow melt appear to be linked to the survival rate of the Mountain Pygmy-possum which is under severe threat from climate change. Here we discuss its life history, extinction threats and the potential value of the fossil record in identifying conservation options for the Mountain Pygmy-possum. Also presented is a proposal to establish a breeding facility for the rapidly declining Kosciuszko population in New South Wales. This breeding facility would firstly provide a safety net for unanticipated disasters in the alpine and subalpine zone that might occur in the short term. Secondly, the facility would provide an opportunity to address concerns that climate change will eventually transform the subalpine-alpine zone, making it unsuitable for further survival of B. parvus populations. To address this concern, we propose breeding surplus individuals that could be experimentally acclimatised for release into alternate environments.

Anon 1966. A relict marsupial. Nature 212:225.
Archer, M., Hand, S.J. and Godthelp, H. 1991. Back to the future: the contribution of palaeontology to the conservation of Australian forest faunas. Pp. 67-80, in Conservation of Australia's Forest Fauna edited by D. Lunney. Royal Zoological Society of New South Wales, Mosman, NSW Australia.
Archer, M. and Beale, B. 2004. Going native: living in the Australian environment. Hodder Headline Australia Pty Ltd, Sydney.
Brammall, J. and Archer, M. 1997. A new Oligocene-Miocene species of Burramys (Marsupialia, Burramyidae) from Riversleigh, north-western Queensland. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum 41: 247-268.
Brereton, R., Bennett, S. and Mansergh, I. 1995. Enhanced greenhouse climate change and its potential effect on selected fauna of south-eastern Australia: a trend analysis. Biological Conservation 72: 339-354.
Broom, R. 1895. On a new fossil mammal allied to Hypsiprymnus but resembling in some points the Plagiaulacidae. Abstract. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of N.S.W.1 June 26: 11.
Broom, R. 1896. On a small fossil marsupial with large grooved premolars. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of NSW 10: 563.
Broome, L.S. 2001a. Seasonal activity, home range and habitat use of the mountain pygmy-possum Burramys parvus (Marsupialia: Burramyidae) at Mt Blue Cow, Kosciuszko National Park. Austral Ecology 26: 275-292.
Broome, L.S. 2001b. Intersite differences in population demography of Mountain Pygmy-possums Burramys parvus Broom (1987-1998): Implications for meta-population conservation and ski resorts in Kosciuszko National Park. Biological Conservation 102: 309-323.
Broome, L.S., Dawson M., Ford F., Green K., Little, D. and McElhinney, N. 2005. Re-assessment of Mountain Pygmy-possum Burramys parvus population size and distribution of habitat in Kosciuszko National Park. Biodiversity Conservation Section, Department of Environment and Conservation, Queanbeyan, unpublished report.
Broome, L.S. and Geiser, F. 1995. Hibernation in free-living Mountain Pygmy-possums, B. parvus (Marsupialia: Burramyidae). Australian Journal of Zoology 43: 373-379.
Busby, J. R. 1986. Bioclimatic prediction system (BIOCLIM) users manual version 2.0. Bureau of Flora and Fauna, Canberra.
Bureau of Meteorology. 2010. State of the Climate-2010, at www.bom.gov.au/inside/eiab/State-of-climate-2010-updated.pdf (accessed 6/7/2011).
Bureau of Meteorology. 2011a. Annual Climate Summary-2010, at www.bom.gov.au/climate/annual_sum/2010/index.shtml (accessed 6/7/2011).
Bureau of Meteorology. 2011b. Australian Rainfall and Surface Temperature Data, at http://www.bom.gov.au/cgi-bin/silo/cli_var/area_timeseries.pl (accessed 19/09/2011)
Calaby, J., Dimpel, H. and Cowan, I.M. 1971. The Mountain Pygmy-possum Burramys parvus Broom (Marsupialia) in the Kosciuszko National Park, New South Wales. CSIRO Divison. Wildlife Research Technical Paper 23.
Caughley, J. 1986. Distribution and abundance of the Mountain Pygmy-possum, Burramys parvus Broom, in Kosciusko National Park. Australian Wildlife Research 13: 507-517.
Common, I.F.B. 1954. A study of the ecology of the adult Bogong moth, Agrotis infusa (Boisd.) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae), with special reference to its behaviour during migration and aestivation. Australian Journal of Zoology 2: 223-263.
CSIRO 2010. Climate variability and change in south-eastern Australia: A synthesis of findings from Phase 1 of the South Eastern Australia Climate Initiative (SEACI). Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO Australia)
Davis, C.J. 1998. Meteorological aspects of snow. Pp 3-34, in Snow, a natural history: an uncertain future. Edited by K.Green. Australian Alps Liaison Committee, Canberra.
Dixon, J.M. 1971. Burramys parvus Broom (Marsupialia) from the Falls Creek area Bogong High Plains, Victoria. Victorian Naturalist. 88: 133-138.
Dimpel, H. and Calaby, J.H. 1972. Further observations on the Mountain Pygmy-possum ( Burramys parvus). Victorian Naturalist. 89: 101-106.
Fleming, M.R. 1985. The thermal physiology of the Mountain Pygmy-possum, Burramys parvus (Marsupialia: Burramyidae). Australian Mammalogy 8:79-90.
Geiser, F. 2007. Yearlong hibernation in a marsupial mammal. Naturwissenschaften 94: 941-944.
Geiser, F. and Broome, L.S. 1993. The effect of temperature on the pattern of torpor in a marsupial hibernator. Journal of Comparative Physiology, B. 163: 133-137.
Geiser, F. and Broome, L.S. 1991. Hibernation in the Mountain Pygmy-possum Burramys parvus (Marsupialia). Journal of Zoology, London 223: 593-602.
Geiser, F., Sink, H.S., Stahl, B., Mansergh, I. and Broome, L.S. 1990. Differences in the physiological response to cold in wild and laboratory-bred Mountain Pygmy possums, B. parvus (Marsupialia). Australian Wildlife Research 17: 535-539.
Geiser, F. and Turbill, C. 2009. Hibernation and daily torpor minimize mammalian extinctions. Naturwissenschaften 96: 1235-1240.
Gibson, R. 2007. The role of diet in driving population dynamics of the Mountain Pygmy-possum, Burramys parvus, in Kosciuszko National Park, NSW. Honours Thesis, Division of Botany and Zoology, Australian National University, Canberra.
Hoegh-Guldberg, O., Hughes, L., McIntyre, S., Lindenmayer, D.B., Parmesan, C., Possingham, H.P., Thomas, C.D., 2008. Assisted colonization and rapid climate change. Science 321: 345-346.
Green, K., Stein J.A. and Driessen, M.M. 2008. The projected distributions of Mastacomys fuscus and Rattus lutreolus in south-eastern Australia under a scenario of climate change: potential for enhanced competition? Wildlife Research 35: 113-119.
Happold, D.C.D. 1995. Broad-toothed Rat Mastacomys fuscus. Pp 562-564, in The Mammals of Australia. Edited by R.Strahan, Australian Museum/Reed Books, Sydney.
Heinze, D., Broome L.S. and Mansergh, I.M. 2004. A review of the ecology and conservation of the Mountain Pygmy-possum Burramys parvus. Pp 254-267 in, The Biology of Australian Possums and Gliders. Edited by R.L. Goldingay and S.M. Jackson. Surrey Beatty & Sons, Chipping Norton, NSW, Australia.
Heinze, D. and Williams, L. 1998. The discovery of the Mountain Pygmy-possum Burramys parvus on Mount Buller, Victoria. Victorian Naturalist 115: 132-134.
Hennessey, K., Whetton, P., Smith, I., Bathols, J., Hutchinson, M. and Sharples, J. 2003. The impact of climate change on snow conditions in mainland Australia. A report for the Victorian Department of Sustainability and Environment, Victorian Greenhouse Office, Parks Victoria, New South Wales National Parks and Wildlife Service, New South Wales Department of Infrastructure, Planning and Natural Resources, Australian Greenhouse Office and Australian Ski Areas Association. CSIRO Atmospheric Research, Melbourne.
Hennessy, K., R. Fawcett, D. Kirono, F. Mpelasoka, D. Jones, J. Bathols, P. Whetton, M. Stafford Smith, M. Howden, Mitchell, C. and Plummer, N. 2008. An assessment of the impact of climate change on the nature and frequency of exceptional climatic events. Bureau of Meteorology, CSIRO. Commonwealth of Australia, Canberra.
Isaac, J., Garnett, S., Hoffman, A., Hughes, L., McDonald-Madden, E., Martin, T., Possingham, H., 2011. Adaptation Research Facility, James Cook University: http://nccarf.jcu.edu.au/terrestrialbiodiversity/download/information_sheet_2_assisted_migration.pdf.
Kershaw A.P., Bretherton S.C. and van der Kaars S. 2007. A complete pollen record of the last 230 ka from Lynch's Crater, northeastern Australia. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 251: 23-45.
Körtner, G. and Geiser, F. 1998. Ecology of natural hibernation in the marsupial Mountain Pygmy-possum ( Burramys parvus). Oecologia 113: 170-178.
Mansergh, I.M. 1984. Ecological studies and conservation of Burramys parvus. Pp 545-552, in Possums and gliders. Edited by A.P. Smith and I.D. Hume, Australian Mammal Society, Sydney.
Mansergh, I., Baxter, B., Scotts, D., Brady, T. and Jolley, D. 1990. Diet of the Mountain Pygmy-possum, Burramys parvus (Marsupialia: Burramyidae) and other small mammals in the alpine environment at Mt Higginbotham, Victoria. Australian Mammalogy 13: 167-177.
Mansergh, I.M. and Broome L.S. 1994. The Mountain Pygmy-possum of the Australian Alps. University of New South Wales Press, Sydney.
McCarthy, M.A. and Broome, L.S. 2000. A method for validating stochastic models of population viability: a case study of the Mountain Pygmy-possum ( Burramys parvus). Journal of Animal Ecology 69: 599-607.
McLachlan, J.S., Hellmann, J.J., Schwarz, M.W., 2007. A framework for debate of assisted migration in an era of climate change. Conservation Biology 21: 297-302.
Mitrovski, P., Heinze, D., Broome, L., Hoffmann, A. and Weeks, R. 2007. High levels of variation despite genetic fragmentation in populations of the endangered Mountain Pygmy-possum Burramys parvus in alpine Australia. Molecular Ecology 16: 75-87.
Nicholls, N. 2005. Climate variability, climate change and the Australian snow season. Australian Meteorological Magazine 54: 177-185.
Osborne, M.J., Norman, J.A., Christidis, L. and Murray, N.D. 2000. Genetic distinctiveness of isolated populations of an endangered marsupial, the Mountain Pygmy-possum, Burramys parvus. Molecular Ecology 9: 609-613.
Pledge, N. 1987. A new species of Burramys Broom (Marsupialia: Burramyidae) from the middle Miocene of South Australia. Pp. 725-728, in Possums and Opossums: Studies in Evolution, ed M. Archer. Surrey Beatty & the Royal Zoological Society of New South Wales, Sydney.
Ride, W.D.L. 1970. A guide to the native mammals of Australia. Oxford University Press, Melbourne.
Rosengren, N.J. and Peterson, J.A. 1989. Heritage values and the geological and geomorphological significance of the Australian alpine zone. Pp 187-204 in The scientific significance of the Australian alps. Edited by R.Good, Australian Alps Liaison Committee/Australian Academy of Science, Canberra.
Schulz, M. 2011. Targeted Mountain Pygmy-possum survey, Happy Jacks Valley, January 2011. Consultants Report to the National Parks and Wildlife Service, Tumut.
Schulz, M., Wilks, G. and Broome, L. (in press). An uncharacteristic new population of the Mountain Pygmy-possum Burramys parvus in New South Wales. Australian Zoologist.
Shi, H., Lees, B., Paull, D. and Broome, L. 2011. Thermal properties of alpine boulderfields: potential to buffer against extreme temperature change. Abstract: Association of American Geographers annual meeting, Washington. http://meridian.aag.org/callforpapers/program/AbstractDetail.cfm?AbstractID=35158
Slatyer, R.O., Cochrane, P.M. and Galloway. R.W. 1985. Duration and extent of snow cover in the Snowy Mountains and a comparison with Switzerland. Search 15: 327-331.
Smith, A.P. and Broome, L. 1992. The effects of season, sex and habitat on the diet of the Mountain Pygmy-possum ( Burramus parvus). Wildlife Research 19: 755-768.
Steffen, W. 2009. Climate Change 2009: Faster Change & More Serious Risks. Department of Climate Change, Australian Government, Pp 52.
Thomas, C.D., 2011. Translocation of species, climate change, and the end of trying to recreate past ecological communities. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 26: 216-221.
Turnbull, W.D., Rich, T.H.V. and Lundelius, E.L. 1987. Burramyids (Marsupialia: Burramyidae) of the Pliocene Hamilton Local Fauna, southwestern Victoria. Pp 729-739, in Possums and Opossums: Studies in Evolution. Edited by M. Archer. Surrey Beatty & Sons and the Royal Zoological Society of New South Wales, Sydney.
Wakefield, N.A. 1967. Mammal bones in the Buchan district. Victorian Naturalist 84: 211-214.
Wakefield, N.A. 1972. Palaeoecology of fossil mammal assemblages for some Australian caves. Proceedings of the Royal Society of Victoria 85: 1-26.
Walter, M. and Broome, L. 1998. Snow as a factor in animal hibernation and dormancy. Pp 165-191 in Snow a Natural History; an Uncertain Future. Edited by K. Green. Australian Alps Liaison Committee, Sydney.
Warneke, R.M. 1967. Discovery of a living Burramys. Bulletin of the Australian Mammal Society 2: 94-95.
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References

Anon 1966. A relict marsupial. Nature 212:225.
Archer, M., Hand, S.J. and Godthelp, H. 1991. Back to the future: the contribution of palaeontology to the conservation of Australian forest faunas. Pp. 67-80, in Conservation of Australia's Forest Fauna edited by D. Lunney. Royal Zoological Society of New South Wales, Mosman, NSW Australia.
Archer, M. and Beale, B. 2004. Going native: living in the Australian environment. Hodder Headline Australia Pty Ltd, Sydney.
Brammall, J. and Archer, M. 1997. A new Oligocene-Miocene species of Burramys (Marsupialia, Burramyidae) from Riversleigh, north-western Queensland. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum 41: 247-268.
Brereton, R., Bennett, S. and Mansergh, I. 1995. Enhanced greenhouse climate change and its potential effect on selected fauna of south-eastern Australia: a trend analysis. Biological Conservation 72: 339-354.
Broom, R. 1895. On a new fossil mammal allied to Hypsiprymnus but resembling in some points the Plagiaulacidae. Abstract. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of N.S.W.1 June 26: 11.
Broom, R. 1896. On a small fossil marsupial with large grooved premolars. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of NSW 10: 563.
Broome, L.S. 2001a. Seasonal activity, home range and habitat use of the mountain pygmy-possum Burramys parvus (Marsupialia: Burramyidae) at Mt Blue Cow, Kosciuszko National Park. Austral Ecology 26: 275-292.
Broome, L.S. 2001b. Intersite differences in population demography of Mountain Pygmy-possums Burramys parvus Broom (1987-1998): Implications for meta-population conservation and ski resorts in Kosciuszko National Park. Biological Conservation 102: 309-323.
Broome, L.S., Dawson M., Ford F., Green K., Little, D. and McElhinney, N. 2005. Re-assessment of Mountain Pygmy-possum Burramys parvus population size and distribution of habitat in Kosciuszko National Park. Biodiversity Conservation Section, Department of Environment and Conservation, Queanbeyan, unpublished report.
Broome, L.S. and Geiser, F. 1995. Hibernation in free-living Mountain Pygmy-possums, B. parvus (Marsupialia: Burramyidae). Australian Journal of Zoology 43: 373-379.
Busby, J. R. 1986. Bioclimatic prediction system (BIOCLIM) users manual version 2.0. Bureau of Flora and Fauna, Canberra.
Bureau of Meteorology. 2010. State of the Climate-2010, at www.bom.gov.au/inside/eiab/State-of-climate-2010-updated.pdf (accessed 6/7/2011).
Bureau of Meteorology. 2011a. Annual Climate Summary-2010, at www.bom.gov.au/climate/annual_sum/2010/index.shtml (accessed 6/7/2011).
Bureau of Meteorology. 2011b. Australian Rainfall and Surface Temperature Data, at http://www.bom.gov.au/cgi-bin/silo/cli_var/area_timeseries.pl (accessed 19/09/2011)
Calaby, J., Dimpel, H. and Cowan, I.M. 1971. The Mountain Pygmy-possum Burramys parvus Broom (Marsupialia) in the Kosciuszko National Park, New South Wales. CSIRO Divison. Wildlife Research Technical Paper 23.
Caughley, J. 1986. Distribution and abundance of the Mountain Pygmy-possum, Burramys parvus Broom, in Kosciusko National Park. Australian Wildlife Research 13: 507-517.
Common, I.F.B. 1954. A study of the ecology of the adult Bogong moth, Agrotis infusa (Boisd.) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae), with special reference to its behaviour during migration and aestivation. Australian Journal of Zoology 2: 223-263.
CSIRO 2010. Climate variability and change in south-eastern Australia: A synthesis of findings from Phase 1 of the South Eastern Australia Climate Initiative (SEACI). Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO Australia)
Davis, C.J. 1998. Meteorological aspects of snow. Pp 3-34, in Snow, a natural history: an uncertain future. Edited by K.Green. Australian Alps Liaison Committee, Canberra.
Dixon, J.M. 1971. Burramys parvus Broom (Marsupialia) from the Falls Creek area Bogong High Plains, Victoria. Victorian Naturalist. 88: 133-138.
Dimpel, H. and Calaby, J.H. 1972. Further observations on the Mountain Pygmy-possum ( Burramys parvus). Victorian Naturalist. 89: 101-106.
Fleming, M.R. 1985. The thermal physiology of the Mountain Pygmy-possum, Burramys parvus (Marsupialia: Burramyidae). Australian Mammalogy 8:79-90.
Geiser, F. 2007. Yearlong hibernation in a marsupial mammal. Naturwissenschaften 94: 941-944.
Geiser, F. and Broome, L.S. 1993. The effect of temperature on the pattern of torpor in a marsupial hibernator. Journal of Comparative Physiology, B. 163: 133-137.
Geiser, F. and Broome, L.S. 1991. Hibernation in the Mountain Pygmy-possum Burramys parvus (Marsupialia). Journal of Zoology, London 223: 593-602.
Geiser, F., Sink, H.S., Stahl, B., Mansergh, I. and Broome, L.S. 1990. Differences in the physiological response to cold in wild and laboratory-bred Mountain Pygmy possums, B. parvus (Marsupialia). Australian Wildlife Research 17: 535-539.
Geiser, F. and Turbill, C. 2009. Hibernation and daily torpor minimize mammalian extinctions. Naturwissenschaften 96: 1235-1240.
Gibson, R. 2007. The role of diet in driving population dynamics of the Mountain Pygmy-possum, Burramys parvus, in Kosciuszko National Park, NSW. Honours Thesis, Division of Botany and Zoology, Australian National University, Canberra.
Hoegh-Guldberg, O., Hughes, L., McIntyre, S., Lindenmayer, D.B., Parmesan, C., Possingham, H.P., Thomas, C.D., 2008. Assisted colonization and rapid climate change. Science 321: 345-346.
Green, K., Stein J.A. and Driessen, M.M. 2008. The projected distributions of Mastacomys fuscus and Rattus lutreolus in south-eastern Australia under a scenario of climate change: potential for enhanced competition? Wildlife Research 35: 113-119.
Happold, D.C.D. 1995. Broad-toothed Rat Mastacomys fuscus. Pp 562-564, in The Mammals of Australia. Edited by R.Strahan, Australian Museum/Reed Books, Sydney.
Heinze, D., Broome L.S. and Mansergh, I.M. 2004. A review of the ecology and conservation of the Mountain Pygmy-possum Burramys parvus. Pp 254-267 in, The Biology of Australian Possums and Gliders. Edited by R.L. Goldingay and S.M. Jackson. Surrey Beatty & Sons, Chipping Norton, NSW, Australia.
Heinze, D. and Williams, L. 1998. The discovery of the Mountain Pygmy-possum Burramys parvus on Mount Buller, Victoria. Victorian Naturalist 115: 132-134.
Hennessey, K., Whetton, P., Smith, I., Bathols, J., Hutchinson, M. and Sharples, J. 2003. The impact of climate change on snow conditions in mainland Australia. A report for the Victorian Department of Sustainability and Environment, Victorian Greenhouse Office, Parks Victoria, New South Wales National Parks and Wildlife Service, New South Wales Department of Infrastructure, Planning and Natural Resources, Australian Greenhouse Office and Australian Ski Areas Association. CSIRO Atmospheric Research, Melbourne.
Hennessy, K., R. Fawcett, D. Kirono, F. Mpelasoka, D. Jones, J. Bathols, P. Whetton, M. Stafford Smith, M. Howden, Mitchell, C. and Plummer, N. 2008. An assessment of the impact of climate change on the nature and frequency of exceptional climatic events. Bureau of Meteorology, CSIRO. Commonwealth of Australia, Canberra.
Isaac, J., Garnett, S., Hoffman, A., Hughes, L., McDonald-Madden, E., Martin, T., Possingham, H., 2011. Adaptation Research Facility, James Cook University: http://nccarf.jcu.edu.au/terrestrialbiodiversity/download/information_sheet_2_assisted_migration.pdf.
Kershaw A.P., Bretherton S.C. and van der Kaars S. 2007. A complete pollen record of the last 230 ka from Lynch's Crater, northeastern Australia. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 251: 23-45.
Körtner, G. and Geiser, F. 1998. Ecology of natural hibernation in the marsupial Mountain Pygmy-possum ( Burramys parvus). Oecologia 113: 170-178.
Mansergh, I.M. 1984. Ecological studies and conservation of Burramys parvus. Pp 545-552, in Possums and gliders. Edited by A.P. Smith and I.D. Hume, Australian Mammal Society, Sydney.
Mansergh, I., Baxter, B., Scotts, D., Brady, T. and Jolley, D. 1990. Diet of the Mountain Pygmy-possum, Burramys parvus (Marsupialia: Burramyidae) and other small mammals in the alpine environment at Mt Higginbotham, Victoria. Australian Mammalogy 13: 167-177.
Mansergh, I.M. and Broome L.S. 1994. The Mountain Pygmy-possum of the Australian Alps. University of New South Wales Press, Sydney.
McCarthy, M.A. and Broome, L.S. 2000. A method for validating stochastic models of population viability: a case study of the Mountain Pygmy-possum ( Burramys parvus). Journal of Animal Ecology 69: 599-607.
McLachlan, J.S., Hellmann, J.J., Schwarz, M.W., 2007. A framework for debate of assisted migration in an era of climate change. Conservation Biology 21: 297-302.
Mitrovski, P., Heinze, D., Broome, L., Hoffmann, A. and Weeks, R. 2007. High levels of variation despite genetic fragmentation in populations of the endangered Mountain Pygmy-possum Burramys parvus in alpine Australia. Molecular Ecology 16: 75-87.
Nicholls, N. 2005. Climate variability, climate change and the Australian snow season. Australian Meteorological Magazine 54: 177-185.
Osborne, M.J., Norman, J.A., Christidis, L. and Murray, N.D. 2000. Genetic distinctiveness of isolated populations of an endangered marsupial, the Mountain Pygmy-possum, Burramys parvus. Molecular Ecology 9: 609-613.
Pledge, N. 1987. A new species of Burramys Broom (Marsupialia: Burramyidae) from the middle Miocene of South Australia. Pp. 725-728, in Possums and Opossums: Studies in Evolution, ed M. Archer. Surrey Beatty & the Royal Zoological Society of New South Wales, Sydney.
Ride, W.D.L. 1970. A guide to the native mammals of Australia. Oxford University Press, Melbourne.
Rosengren, N.J. and Peterson, J.A. 1989. Heritage values and the geological and geomorphological significance of the Australian alpine zone. Pp 187-204 in The scientific significance of the Australian alps. Edited by R.Good, Australian Alps Liaison Committee/Australian Academy of Science, Canberra.
Schulz, M. 2011. Targeted Mountain Pygmy-possum survey, Happy Jacks Valley, January 2011. Consultants Report to the National Parks and Wildlife Service, Tumut.
Schulz, M., Wilks, G. and Broome, L. (in press). An uncharacteristic new population of the Mountain Pygmy-possum Burramys parvus in New South Wales. Australian Zoologist.
Shi, H., Lees, B., Paull, D. and Broome, L. 2011. Thermal properties of alpine boulderfields: potential to buffer against extreme temperature change. Abstract: Association of American Geographers annual meeting, Washington. http://meridian.aag.org/callforpapers/program/AbstractDetail.cfm?AbstractID=35158
Slatyer, R.O., Cochrane, P.M. and Galloway. R.W. 1985. Duration and extent of snow cover in the Snowy Mountains and a comparison with Switzerland. Search 15: 327-331.
Smith, A.P. and Broome, L. 1992. The effects of season, sex and habitat on the diet of the Mountain Pygmy-possum ( Burramus parvus). Wildlife Research 19: 755-768.
Steffen, W. 2009. Climate Change 2009: Faster Change & More Serious Risks. Department of Climate Change, Australian Government, Pp 52.
Thomas, C.D., 2011. Translocation of species, climate change, and the end of trying to recreate past ecological communities. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 26: 216-221.
Turnbull, W.D., Rich, T.H.V. and Lundelius, E.L. 1987. Burramyids (Marsupialia: Burramyidae) of the Pliocene Hamilton Local Fauna, southwestern Victoria. Pp 729-739, in Possums and Opossums: Studies in Evolution. Edited by M. Archer. Surrey Beatty & Sons and the Royal Zoological Society of New South Wales, Sydney.
Wakefield, N.A. 1967. Mammal bones in the Buchan district. Victorian Naturalist 84: 211-214.
Wakefield, N.A. 1972. Palaeoecology of fossil mammal assemblages for some Australian caves. Proceedings of the Royal Society of Victoria 85: 1-26.
Walter, M. and Broome, L. 1998. Snow as a factor in animal hibernation and dormancy. Pp 165-191 in Snow a Natural History; an Uncertain Future. Edited by K. Green. Australian Alps Liaison Committee, Sydney.
Warneke, R.M. 1967. Discovery of a living Burramys. Bulletin of the Australian Mammal Society 2: 94-95.
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