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Journal Articles
Australian Zoologist (2022) 42 (4): 972–984.
Published: 28 October 2022
... scats fell through the wire and were exposed to soil and litter. All trap samples were collected within 12 h of defecation. Trapping was permitted under the University of New England Animal Ethics Committee permit number AEC18-065. The scats from the remaining species of animals were collected when...
Journal Articles
Australian Zoologist (2011) 34 (4): 530–537.
Published: 20 October 2011
... waiting Figure 1b. AM waiting for muskoxen to defecate a data point. 534 2008AustralianZoologist volume 34 (4) for an animal to defecate a data point would, we presume, be very unpleasant unless you really wanted to be there. Contrary to MWH s experience, AM was able to find a marker for his PhD thesis...
Journal Articles
Australian Zoologist (2020) 40 (3): 492–504.
Published: 01 May 2020
... and so on, often referred to as non-invasive DNA sampling , as animals do not need to be captured for sampling. Non-invasive samples may be obtained from known individuals (e.g. collecting scats after witnessing the animal defecate), or from unknown individuals (e.g. collected from the landscape...
Journal Articles
Australian Zoologist (2011) 34 (2): 203–208.
Published: 10 October 2011
... in the soil where animals have defecated, thereby providing a more effective inoculum than a few dispersed spores (Trappe and Claridge 2005). Hypogeous ectomycorrhizal fungi are richly diverse in Australia, with perhaps more than 2000 species, although many of these remain undescribed (Bougher and Lebel 2001...
Journal Articles
Australian Zoologist (2020) 40 (3): 364–378.
Published: 01 May 2020
... was observed from a distance until it defecated. Once defecation occurred, the faecal sample was visually located and collected in a zip-lock bag, and stored on ice for up to 4 h before being placed in long-term storage at -20° C for subsequent enzyme immune-assay to determine FGM concentrations. FGMs were...
Journal Articles
Australian Zoologist (2013) 36 (2): 192–200.
Published: 07 February 2013
... deposition, since the pattern of deposition is far from uniform and their interpretation ignores the not uncommon situation that when P. cinereus defecate they do so whilst on lateral branches away from the trunk. Phillips & Callaghan (2011) correctly draw attention to the problems of accumulated faecal...
Journal Articles
Australian Zoologist (2015) 37 (3): 337–342.
Published: 14 April 2015
... to shooters several hundred metres away. Even their defecation could also be heard from a far distance, especially when the pigeons had fed on fruits with large seeds (e.g. Cabbage Tree Palm Livistona australis) (Waterhouse 2001). To Frith (1952), the sound of excreted seeds pelting onto the undergrowth...
Journal Articles
Australian Zoologist (2014) 31 (1): 127–133.
Published: 17 March 2014
... samples for a particular level of input. Buetel (1990) observed a tendency for koalas to defecate once aroused. However, the relationship between activity and patterns of pellet deposition for free-ranging koalas is reported to be weak (Ellis el al. 1998) and no consistent pattern of deposition related...
Journal Articles
Australian Zoologist (2014) 37 (3): 343–349.
Published: 14 November 2014
... with saturated white paper shortly after midnight. The paper was used to encourage the passing of faecal material and to determine the lag time from feeding observations to defecation (Williamson and Cameron 1976). Strings of faecal pellets were expelled within 8 hours and were easily differentiated from...
Journal Articles
Australian Zoologist (2020) 41 (2): 241–253.
Published: 11 November 2020
... was cracked, partly broken or deformed. The presence of moss or fungus did not affect whether a pellet was considered to be intact or otherwise. We defined a pellet group as intact pellets voided in the same defecation event, and was determined by appearance (i.e., size, shape, and colour) (Baddeley 1985...
Journal Articles
Australian Zoologist (2014) 33 (2): 217–222.
Published: 17 March 2014
..., Northern Brown Bandicoots and Common Brushtail Possums both appear to be attracted to the odour of the Tiger Quoll. Tiger Quolls use scats in scent marking, often defecating in communal latrines (Kruuk and Jarman 1995). Latrine sites would represent particularly dangerous places, with frequent visitation...
Journal Articles
Australian Zoologist (2023) 42 (4): 1–1062.
Published: 03 April 2023
... 12 h of defecation. Trapping was permitted under the University of New England Animal Ethics Committee permit number AEC18-065. The scats from the remaining species of animals were collected when found deposited on the ground. The exact age of these samples is unknown since it was not feasible...
Journal Articles
Australian Zoologist (2022) 42 (2): 304–325.
Published: 10 August 2022
... to be a single defecation event. Due to the rapid decomposition of scats at the time of this survey (i.e., high rainfall and insect activity caused removal of scats within hours or days), we did not expect any scats to be more than several days old. Rapid decomposition made scat location difficult, so to bolster...
Journal Articles
Australian Zoologist (2011) 34 (3): 271–284.
Published: 14 October 2011
... and shelter), and the calling sites and egg deposition sites within the water bodies, are likely to be disturbed (Appendix 1). In addition, when cattle walk through wetlands and defecate in them, there is an increase in turbidity and organic load. Despite the very obvious effects that livestock can have...
Journal Articles
Australian Zoologist (2012) 36 (1): 93–102.
Published: 07 September 2012
... study sites. Faecal samples were found in six on-creek sites but were absent in four off-creek sites. From these, twenty- three faecal samples of age I and II were selected for cuticle analysis. The cuticle remains of a feeding event are defecated between 1.5 and 6.5 days later (Sullivan et al. 2003b...
Journal Articles
Australian Zoologist (2011) 34 (1): 1–21.
Published: 04 October 2011
... of the anus (Fig. 18c) indicated the existence of peristaltic movements in the intestine and defecation, and the inter-vertebral spaces were apparent. The distribution of melanistic pigment was characteristic for the species at this time, with between seven and nine large contractile melanophores along...
Journal Articles
Australian Zoologist (2017) 38 (3): 430–456.
Published: 01 June 2017
..., Brunswick Heads, Eureka, Maclean s Ridges. Huonbrook, 7/10/1997, Noel, defecates in same place each night; 18/11/1997, Jan Sinclair, often seen near Hogan s Scrub N.R.; 20/11/2003, Len Roser, Bonalbo, preyed on young koala; 7/3/2012, Val Preston saw 4 quolls on ground in isolated areas during daylight...
Journal Articles
Australian Zoologist (2014) 25 (2): 29–66.
Published: 17 March 2014
... larger, lower opening may have been developed more than 50 metres away in the opposite direction. Most of the millions of bones accumulated in this cave appear to have been brought in by carnivorous megadermatid bats which dropped uneaten bits and defecated the indigestible teeth and bones to the floor...
Book Cover Image
Series: Other RZS NSW Publications
Publisher: Royal Zoological Society of New South Wales
Published: 01 January 1993
EISBN: 0-9599951-8-8