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pathogen

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Journal Articles
Australian Zoologist (2020)
Published: 04 December 2020
...Simon Kaminskas ABSTRACT Native freshwater fish of Australia have a diverse but largely undescribed endemic pathogen and parasite fauna. However, due to long-shared evolutionary histories and virulence/transmissibility trade-offs, effects of these endemic pathogens and parasites appear to be subtle...
Journal Articles
Australian Zoologist (2016) 38 (1): 83–89.
Published: 01 January 2016
... Australian fish populations. Imported ornamental fishes have previously been linked to the introduction of several fish pathogens into Australia, including Lernaea cyprinacea (Hassan et al. 2008), gourami iridovirus (Go and Whittington 2006) and atypical Aeromonas salmonicida (Humphrey and Ashburner 1993...
Book Chapter
Series: Other RZS NSW Publications
Publisher: Royal Zoological Society of New South Wales
Published: 01 January 2012
DOI: 10.7882/FS.2012.011
EISBN: 978-0-9803272-6-7
... As global climates change, the incidence and severity of diseases in natural ecosystems also appears to be increasing. This has been linked to increasingly stressful conditions, which can lead to more susceptible hosts and environmental effects on pathogen abundance and virulence. Recently...
Book Chapter
Series: Other RZS NSW Publications
Publisher: Royal Zoological Society of New South Wales
Published: 01 January 2004
DOI: 10.7882/FS.2004.899
EISBN: 978-0-9586085-8-9
... While the impacts of the introduced plant pathogen Phytophthora cinnamomi on Australian forest flora are well documented, its possible indirect impacts on fauna through changes to floristics and plant structure are less clear. We reviewed the literature on the responses of forest animal...
Book Chapter
Series: Other RZS NSW Publications
Publisher: Royal Zoological Society of New South Wales
Published: 01 January 2010
DOI: 10.7882/FS.2010.013
EISBN: 978-0-9803272-3-6
... and interact significantly with the city's culture, ecology and economy. They also pose a continuing risk of establishing feral populations or acting as conduits of disease and pathogens into native wildlife suggesting a need for much better accounting and monitoring of their numbers than currently occurs...
Journal Articles
Australian Zoologist (2011) 34 (3): 314–318.
Published: 14 October 2011
...T. Penman; G. Muir; E. Magarey; E. Burns Chytridiomycosis is considered a key threatening process under Commonwealth legislation. Little is known of the impact of this pathogen within wild populations. The Green and Golden Bell Frog Litoria aurea is a threatened species that is thought...
Journal Articles
Australian Zoologist (2011) 34 (3): 261–270.
Published: 14 October 2011
... to determine if L. aurea existed on the site and to ascertain if the pathogen Bactrachochytrium dendrobatiodis (chytrid) was present within the endemic frog population. The captive bred tadpoles were tested for the presence of chytrid prior to release. The water quality was tested at the proposed release site...
Journal Articles
Australian Zoologist (2011) 34 (3): 350–360.
Published: 14 October 2011
...C. Threlfall; D. Jolley; N. Evershed; R. Goldingay; W. Buttemer The Green and Golden Bell frog Litoria aurea is in major decline in Australia, where its distribution is now confined mainly to the east coast of New South Wales (NSW). Infection by the newly emerged amphibian fungal pathogen...
Journal Articles
Australian Zoologist (2011) 34 (3): 271–284.
Published: 14 October 2011
..., the major threat to this population in the longer term is likely to be the amphibian chytrid fungal pathogen that is present in the population. We speculate that it is possible that the persistence of the species in this area could relate to the historical contamination of the river and floodplain sediments...
Journal Articles
Australian Zoologist (2019) 40 (1): 25–35.
Published: 01 January 2019
...°C to 33°C (Fujioka et al. 2015). Wild carp surveyed from Lake Biwa in 2006 showed evidence of prior exposure to CyHV3, based on positive results from PCR or antibody-based tests (Uchii et al. 2009). Anti-CyHV3 antibodies (signifying an immune response to prior exposure to the pathogen) were detected...
Journal Articles
Australian Zoologist (2019) 40 (1): 118–128.
Published: 01 January 2019
... leading to increased survival rates of rabbits (Kerr et al. 2012). This ground breaking work later became the text book example for the evolution of virulence in an emerging pathogen (Kerr 2012). Not only did this shift towards a less virulent form of MYXV lead to rabbit numbers gradually increasing again...
Journal Articles
Australian Zoologist (2019) 40 (2): 241–250.
Published: 01 December 2019
... of an and chain encoded by A and B genes, respectively), which binds processed pathogenic peptides and presents them on the cell surface to T helper cells (Klein 1986). Class II genes are expressed in all antigen presenting cells (e.g. macrophages, lymphocytes and dendritic cells) that respond to extracellular...
Journal Articles
Australian Zoologist (2020) 41 (1): 80–85.
Published: 01 October 2020
... health risk. and the abundance of this mosquito has been associated With mosquito-borne pathogens, such as Ross River virus (RRV), becoming increasingly important at the 80 AuZstoraolilaongist volume 41 (1) 2020 Observations of an unexpected abundance of estuarine mosquitoes associated with an urban...
Journal Articles
Australian Zoologist (2019) 40 (1): 41–48.
Published: 01 January 2019
... in aquaculture that emerged at the same time frame that are OIE [World Organisation for Animal Health] listed and there are hundreds of papers on epidemiology, risk factor studies, cohort studies that follow groups of fish through farms with endemic pathogens and without endemic pathogens. We re not seeing...
Journal Articles
Australian Zoologist (2015) 37 (3): 288–293.
Published: 14 April 2015
... and tick-borne pathogens: methodological principles and caveats. Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology 3(29): 1-12. http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fcimb.2013.00029 FitzGibbon, S.I. and Jones, D.N. 2006. A community-based wildlife survey: the knowledge and attitudes of suburban Brisbane...
Journal Articles
Australian Zoologist (2011) 35 (2): 265–275.
Published: 14 October 2011
... Journal of Zoology 72: 1469-1476 Growth of moose calves (Alces alces americana) infested and uninfested with winter ticks (Dermacentor albipictus) Canadian Journal of Zoology 72 1469 1476 Acevedo-Whitehouse K., Gulland F., Greig D. and Amos W . 2003. Inbreeding-dependent pathogen...
Journal Articles
Australian Zoologist (2020)
Published: 29 July 2020
... populations similar to those in other studies (Purcell 2008; Corbett 1995b; Fleming et al. 2001; Macdonald and Sillero-Zubiri 2004) could also influence pathogen transmission pathways in the event of a disease incursion. Greater dispersal of male dingo-type dogs during the breeding season might result...
Journal Articles
Australian Zoologist (2020)
Published: 16 October 2020
..., the Biosecurity Act 2015, is additional to the Local Land Services Act 2013 and was instituted to provide uniformity of approach to all biosecurity issues in NSW, i.e. endemic and exotic animal and plant pathogens, and invasive species i.e. pest animals and plants. The major change to invasive species management...
Journal Articles
Australian Zoologist (2011) 35 (2): 251–264.
Published: 14 October 2011
... 2010AustralianZoologist volume 35 (2) Considerations for an Achilles Heel 1. Health risks vulnerability to pathogens, toxins and deficiencies A range of fatal risk factors has been reported in domestic or feral camels, overseas and in Australia. In overseas countries, the highest level of mortality in camels has...
Journal Articles
Australian Zoologist (2020) 40 (3): 492–504.
Published: 01 May 2020
...-transcriptomics approach (Chong et al. 2019b). As a result, 24 novel, marsupial-associated viruses were discovered, including some from families of important pathogens including bocaviruses, papillomaviruses and astroviruses. Known mammalian pathogens such as rabbit haemorrhagic disease virus 2 (RHDV2) were also...