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sampling methods

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Journal Articles
Australian Zoologist (2020) 40 (4): 641–651.
Published: 01 June 2020
... in assessing the suitability of any emerging technology, such as eDNA sampling, is to compare the results it produces against traditional sampling methods (Lahoz-Monfort and Tingley 2018). As with other emerging technologies in ecology, such as drones (Hodgson et al. 2016), thermal cameras (Goodenough et al...
Journal Articles
Australian Zoologist (2014) 21 (1): 97–104.
Published: 17 March 2014
..., E. M. (1977). A study of the invertebrate fauna of farm dams with special reference to predation by Gambusia affinis affinis (Baird and Girard). Hons. Thesis, Monash University, Melbourne. ELLIOT, J. M. (1977). Some Methods for the Statistical Analysis of Samples of Benthic Invertebrates...
Journal Articles
Australian Zoologist (2011) 34 (2): 148–157.
Published: 10 October 2011
...; Knight in press). Dip netting has also been used on occasion (e.g. Leggett 1990). As with all fish sampling methods, each of the above gear types may be spatially or temporally biased towards sampling particular species of fish (Hayes et al. 1996; Hubert 1996). When designing a study, it is important...
Journal Articles
Australian Zoologist (2013) 36 (3): 373–380.
Published: 04 June 2013
... research there need to be simple approaches to assess the costs and effectiveness of surveys that highlight where methods can be refocussed to address changing management aims. In this study we use data from a vertebrate fauna monitoring program to assess the extent to which the sampling has been effective...
Journal Articles
Australian Zoologist (2018) 39 (4): 581–590.
Published: 01 December 2018
... Academy of Sciences 113, 14568. Hayward, M.W., Boitani, L., Burrows, N.D., Funston, P.J., Karanth, K.U., MacKenzie, D.I., Pollock, K.H. and Yarnell, R.W. 2015. Ecologists need robust survey designs, sampling and analytical methods. Journal of Applied Ecology 52, 286-290. Hayward, M.W. and Marlow, N. 2014...
Journal Articles
Australian Zoologist (2014) 31 (1): 118–126.
Published: 17 March 2014
...-eastern New South Wales. Unpubl. M.Sc. thesis, Australian National University, Dept Forestry, Canberra. Williams, S. C., 1968. Methods of sampling scorpion populations. Proc. Calif. Sci. 4th Series 36: 221-30. Methods of sampling scorpion populations Proc. Calif. Sci. 36 221 30...
Journal Articles
Australian Zoologist (2014) 31 (1): 161–165.
Published: 17 March 2014
...Shelley Burgin; Steve Emerton; Malcolm Burgin Interpretation of trap bias in sampling freshwater turtles has previously relied on indirect methods. The data presented here provides the first comparison of a sample and total census of a waterbody. Eastern Longneck Turtles Chelodina longicollis Shaw...
Journal Articles
Australian Zoologist (2015) 37 (4): 529–534.
Published: 01 September 2015
... of the difficulties associated with sampling invertebrates in foraging pits. Bilbies were reintroduced into a rangeland restoration program in Western Australia, providing an opportunity to compare invertebrates in their foraging pits with the undisturbed surface soil. The challenge was to develop a method...
Journal Articles
Australian Zoologist (2020) 40 (3): 492–504.
Published: 01 May 2020
... be used as a species identification method, as these markers failed to amplify with quoll and cat samples (2) devils are present in the south-west of Tasmania, and (3) the south-west population showed evidence of novel genetic diversity. From a devil management perspective, the south-west population could...
Book Chapter
Series: Other RZS NSW Publications
Publisher: Royal Zoological Society of New South Wales
Published: 01 January 2012
DOI: 10.7882/FS.2012.045
EISBN: 978-0-9803272-8-1
... variables) and by the nature of the data these sampling methods can provide. Capture techniques are the preferred method but capture using mesh (‘gill’) nets is limited by stream flows and the presence of fish and/or large woody debris (‘snags’). Fyke netting, the other preferred method, is largely...
Book Chapter
Series: Other RZS NSW Publications
Publisher: Royal Zoological Society of New South Wales
Published: 01 January 2011
DOI: 10.7882/FS.2011.023
EISBN: 978-0-9803272-4-3
.... A graphical method is proposed to identify that point, determining minimum size of the bat sample group needed to provide reliable parasite indices. Calculations with various numbers of microbat hosts and subsequent visual inspection have shown that to obtain a reliable Abundance Index of bat fleas...
Journal Articles
Australian Zoologist (2014) 37 (2): 188–192.
Published: 05 June 2014
...D. Bryant; D. Crowther; P. Papas Burrowing crayfish are notoriously difficult to sample owing to their cryptic nature and subterranean habitat. The most commonly employed sampling method is burrow excavation but it is labour-intensive, destroys the burrow and hence is not repeatable. Consequently...
Journal Articles
Australian Zoologist (2014) 31 (1): 309–316.
Published: 17 March 2014
... in the future to correct raw sighting data. A better solution may be to use “double sampling”, which is a well-established sampling method. Each time an aerial survey is conducted, a subsample of the transacts surveyed would be re-surveyed using helicopter counts, which are more accurate, but more expensive...
Book Chapter
Series: Other RZS NSW Publications
Publisher: Royal Zoological Society of New South Wales
Published: 01 January 1999
DOI: 10.7882/RZSNSW.1999.010
EISBN: 0-9586085-1-2
... Wetland classification and assessment of conservation significance are based on criteria that generally exclude one of the largest components of biodiversity in lentic systems: the invertebrates. Preliminary data are presented on sampling efficiency and methods required to describe invertebrate...
Book Chapter
Series: Other RZS NSW Publications
Publisher: Royal Zoological Society of New South Wales
Published: 01 January 2011
DOI: 10.7882/FS.2011.013
EISBN: 978-0-9803272-4-3
... Age can be an important predictor of an individual's survival or reproductive fate and therefore methods for determining ages of wild animals are of general interest. Bats are assigned to age classes based on morphological measurements (e.g. forearm measurement and tooth wear...
Book Chapter
Series: Other RZS NSW Publications
Publisher: Royal Zoological Society of New South Wales
Published: 01 January 2008
DOI: 10.7882/FS.2008.027
EISBN: 978-0-9803272-2-9
... Several techniques were trialed for monitoring the newly-established fur seal haul-out site at Steamers Head, NSW. In order to minimise our impact, we also monitored for any disturbance to seals from our sampling. The site is unusual as while it can only be observed by boat seals perch...
Journal Articles
Australian Zoologist (2014) 32 (3): 431–438.
Published: 17 March 2014
...: Polydesmidae [sic]). Pedobiologia 33: 49-59. The population ecology of Orthomorpha coarctata (Diplopoda: Polydesmidae [sic]) Pedobiologia 33 49 59 Churchill, T.B. 1993. Effects of sampling method on composition of a Tasmanian coastal heathland spider assemblage. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum 33...
Journal Articles
Australian Zoologist (2014) 31 (3): 421–431.
Published: 17 March 2014
..., marked differences in of factors may make samples from trenches highly habitats, sampling methods and construction variable. In this case, some of the variation may be due to different locations and habitats being protocol influenced the contrast between the sampled (although there was substantial...
Book Chapter
Series: Other RZS NSW Publications
Publisher: Royal Zoological Society of New South Wales
Published: 01 January 1999
DOI: 10.7882/RZSNSW.1999.025
EISBN: 0-9586085-1-2
... contrasts with others where quality control is confined to acceptance sampling (another form of SPC) and one-off training. The basic laboratory sorting procedure we have developed is described, as are methods for monitoring error levels. These include control charts and taxonomic breakdown charts...
Book Chapter
Series: Other RZS NSW Publications
Publisher: Royal Zoological Society of New South Wales
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.7882/FS.2003.012
EISBN: 978-0-9586085-6-5
... be developed that can measure natural changes in biodiversity before one will be able to assess whether biodiversity is changing in response to anthropogenic disturbances. Many attempts have been made to reduce the complexity of a species x sample data-matrix, which is the basic measure of biodiversity...