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spatial and temporal variance

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Journal Articles
Australian Zoologist (2018) 39 (4): 581–590.
Published: 01 December 2018
...Guy Ballard; Peter J.S. Fleming; Paul D. Meek ABSTRACT The temporal scale of many studies of dingo ecology is limited by human and physical resources, often constrained by funding cycles. Consequently, research has been skewed towards short-term, snapshot investigations undertaken at a spatial...
Journal Articles
Australian Zoologist (2014) 32 (1): 62–68.
Published: 17 March 2014
...Tanya Hengl; Shelley Burgin Limnodynastes peronii was observed to successfully breed in small urban impoundments. Fecundity, egg viability and hatching success varied significantly, spatially and temporally. The predominant influence on breeding success was therefore deduced to be environmental...
Journal Articles
Australian Zoologist (2018) 39 (4): 733–747.
Published: 01 December 2018
...). Observation error was higher than both process errors (1.47, CI: 0.91 1.67). There was no difference between spinifex growth rates in burnt (0.18, CI: -0.07 0.41) and unburnt sites (0.06, CI: -0.49 0.46). 2. Spatial dynamics of desert mammals and reptiles Understanding the temporal and spatial dynamics...
Journal Articles
Australian Zoologist (2014) 32 (3): 401–405.
Published: 17 March 2014
... of life history traits Ibid 36 962 83 Cummings, C.F. 1986. Temporal and spatial variation in egg size and fecundity in Rana temporaria. Journal of Animal Ecology 55: 303-16. Temporal and spatial variation in egg size and fecundity in Rana temporaria Journal of Animal Ecology 55 303 16...
Journal Articles
Australian Zoologist (2011) 34 (2): 148–157.
Published: 10 October 2011
...; Knight in press). Dip netting has also been used on occasion (e.g. Leggett 1990). As with all fish sampling methods, each of the above gear types may be spatially or temporally biased towards sampling particular species of fish (Hayes et al. 1996; Hubert 1996). When designing a study, it is important...
Journal Articles
Australian Zoologist (2020) 40 (4): 628–635.
Published: 01 June 2020
... structure within the entire tropical, subtropical and temperate east Australian distribution of L. argentimaculatus . Although this species may exhibit clinal morphological and life-history variation at its southern range limit, we did not detect wide- or fine-scale spatial genetic structure to indicate...
Journal Articles
Australian Zoologist (2017) 38 (4): 610–628.
Published: 01 September 2017
.... Austral Ecology 30: 581 591. doi: 10.1111/j.1442-9993.2005.01473.x Molsher, R.L., Gifford, E.J. and McIlroy, J.C. 2000. Temporal, spatial and individual variation in the diet of red foxes (Vulpes vulpes) in central New South Wales. Wildlife Research 27(6): 593 601. doi: 10.1071/WR99015 Norbury, G...
Journal Articles
Australian Zoologist (2018) 39 (3): 520–533.
Published: 01 September 2018
... 1986; Neave and Tanton 1989). The behaviour of wildlife species in human modified environments becomes altered in many ways including changes to temporal activity patterns, spatial distribution, and habitat use (Ditchkoff et al. 2006). There are multiple examples of wildlife adjusting their behaviour...
Journal Articles
Australian Zoologist (2011) 35 (2): 189–197.
Published: 14 October 2011
... and reproductive behavior of the frog Colostethus beebei in Guyana Journal of Herpetology 35 272 81 Brooke P. N., Alford R. A. & Schwarzkopf L. 2000. Environmental and social factors influence chorusing behaviour in a tropical frog: examining various temporal and spatial scales. Behavioral Ecology...
Journal Articles
Australian Zoologist (2021) 41 (3): 417–432.
Published: 13 April 2021
... (Holmgren et al. 2006; Greenville et al. 2014), with interactions varying temporally and spatially in strength (Letnic et al. 2005). The dingo (Canis familaris dingo), as an apex carnivore, may play a role in limiting populations of two exotic mesopredators the red fox (Vulpes vulpes) and feral cat (Felis...
Journal Articles
Australian Zoologist (2020) 40 (3): 379–391.
Published: 01 May 2020
... is that of satellite-based systems, such as Global Positioning Systems (GPS), Argos, Iridium, and, most recently, the ICARUS initiative (reviewed by Wikelski et al. 2007). Satellite-based systems yield the promise of recording individual animal movements with unprecedented levels of spatial and temporal resolution...
Journal Articles
Australian Zoologist (2011) 35 (2): 265–275.
Published: 14 October 2011
... s capacity to feed. The tick counteracts the host s immune response with immunosuppressive proteins (Wikel and Bergman 1997). This fitness dynamic is reflected in the prevalence and diversity of parasites and the degree of costs to the host. In short, temporal and spatial variation in parasite-host...
Journal Articles
Australian Zoologist (2017) 38 (4): 552–561.
Published: 01 September 2017
... in species richness with increasing structural complexity (Kutt and Martin 2010; Whelan 2001). In contrast there can be spatial and temporal variation due to changing local vegetation pattern (Price et al. 2009). In this study, the vegetation structural complexity did increase from the AOW sites to the RFE...
Journal Articles
Australian Zoologist (2018) 39 (2): 194–206.
Published: 01 January 2018
.... Multivariate data were analysed using permutational analysis of variance (PERMANOVA+, PRIMER 6 add on, Anderson et al. 2009), with 9999 permutations, based on Bray Curtis dissimilarity measures (Bray and Curtis 1957). Habitat was a fixed factor and orthogonal (3 levels). Location (2 levels) and Site (2 levels...
Journal Articles
Australian Zoologist (2014) 31 (1): 280–286.
Published: 17 March 2014
... with temporal repeat- ability, but he concerns for spatial variation in bias, also examined by Cairns (1999), are almost identical. FACTORS INFLUENCING REPEATABILITY Repeatability generally refers to constancy of bias among samples. A monitoring technique is repeatable if any proportional difference...
Journal Articles
Australian Zoologist (2011) 35 (3): 633–648.
Published: 20 October 2011
... analysis of variance and the fitting of generalized linear mixed models, as well as multivariate methods such as correspondence analysis (Greenacre 2007). The effect of spatial dependence between sites should be largely eliminated by the randomization. However methods outlined in Diggle and Ribeiro (2007...
Journal Articles
Australian Zoologist (2013) 36 (3): 255–320.
Published: 14 March 2013
.... and Birch, G. 2012a. Spatial and Temporal Variance of Metal and Suspended Solids Relationships in Urban Stormwater, implications for Monitoring. Water, Air, and Soil Pollution 223: 1005-1015. Spatial and Temporal Variance of Metal and Suspended Solids Relationships in Urban Stormwater, implications...
Journal Articles
Australian Zoologist (2014) 37 (3): 369–380.
Published: 23 December 2014
... and spatially (Western Sydney, rest of the species range). Because the use of t-tests may be improved by assuming unequal variances (Ruxton 2006), we made that assumption and avoided a two-step test process. A correction factor was derived to give positive numbers (where appropriate), and adjusted to a common...
Journal Articles
Australian Zoologist (2011) 35 (3): 774–780.
Published: 20 October 2011
.... and Carrick, F.N. 1998. The spatial and temporal distribution of Koala faecal pellets. Wildlife Research 25: 663 68. Ellis, W. A. H., Melzer, A., Carrick, F. N. and Hasegawa, M. 2002. Tree use, diet and home range of the koala (Phascolarctos cinereus) at Blair Athol, central Queensland. Wildlife Research 29...
Journal Articles
Australian Zoologist (2021) 41 (3): 608–642.
Published: 22 April 2021
... AuZstoraolilaongist volume 41 (3) 631 Lunney et al. camera records enabled us to test for spatial or temporal shifts that show significant avoidance or co-occurrence. We did this by a step by step procedure. The first was to examine the pairwise interactions of a set of species using WildCount sites. Our findings...