In a formal way the new Federal Forest Law, in force since 1993,has rendered good service at the cantonal level in establishing Cantonal Forest Law thanks to its clear and systematic approach. Cantonal implementation, based on the Federal Law and the complementing cantonal regulations, has posed no problems in the majority of cases and any appeals have usually been confirmed by the cantonal legislative institutions. Difficulties with implementation arise, however, in the area of clearing rights (creation of added value among other things), buildings and installations in the forest, as well as spaces between the forest and building projects. A definition of uncertain legal terms at federal level would have been of help here.

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