Around 80% of the Austrian forest area is private property. Recently, in addition to traditional and business economic research, sciences for sociology and innovation have also discovered the private forest property as a research subject. With respect to different property types, it is shown that the Austrian forest belongs more and more to non-traditional forest owners who show little interest in forestry. For years the actual wood production decreases significantly where rationalization (large forest properties) or adjustments of the timber production to price fluctuations (small forest properties) are taken as counter measures. In general, the intensity and type of innovation activity strongly depends on the size of the property.

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