The forest worldwide is already under great pressure and this will increase in the future. On the one hand the forest will continue to be cleared in order to use the ground for other purposes. On the other hand the demand for wood as a raw material will increase and the ecosystem services of the forest will gain in importance. The aim of sustainable development is hardly disputed nowadays. However, those expecting ecosystem services of the forest often forget that for forest owners the economical aspects must concur with the other components of sustainability in order for them to be able to fulfill the expected ecological and social aims. In accordance with the basic principle “think globally, act locally” the aim in Switzerland is again to more greatly encourage wood production. With at least 10% of priority areas for nature conservation, and a high-quality silvicultural practice in the rest of the forest, biological diversity should also be ensured. These services must be appropriately compensated.

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