The development of forestry clusters in the canton of Vaud is the result both of political decisions at federal and cantonal levels, and of the deterioration of the economic situation in forestry, which was caused, among others, by the change of policy in matters of financial aid by the Swiss confederation. As a reaction to the diversity of organisational models which had developed over several decades in the canton of Vaud, the Forest Law of 2006 proposes the formation of public corporations with their own legal personality. The canton of Vaud distinguishes four possible grades of integration in such a cluster: In the first, the forest warden is commissioned to direct and supervise forestry work, and thereby to search for the potential for rationalisation in forest management for all the individual members. A management contract between the cluster and at least one of the members defines the second degree of integration. The third level provides for one or more members to lease their forest holding to the cluster. The fourth level is the highest degree of integration, and means the common management of the forest, every member having leased his forest to the cluster. in 2010, an opinion survey of the people concerned showed that they considered that thanks to the forestry clusters they had improved relationships amongst themselves, and were able to rationalise forest management.

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