Since the beginning of the 20th century non-governmental organizations are involved in forest nature conservation. They do this by raising public awareness, through political relationship, environmental education and specific conservation measures in the forest. Only the conservation measures are subject of this text. The aims of these measures include research, raising public awareness, support of forest management, allowing natural forest development, conservation of rare and endangered species and forest communities, support of species richness and preservation of traditional forest management systems. Non-governmental organizations contribute only on a small percentage of the surface to forest conservation measures. But they have an effect on and pave the way for conservation measures of public forest owners and the cantons.

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