Purpose

This study aimed to determine the integral depth-dose curves and assess the geometric collection efficiency of different detector diameters in proton pencil beam scanning.

Materials and Methods

The Varian ProBeam Compact spot scanning system was used for this study. The integral depth-dose curves with a proton energy range of 130 to 220 MeV were acquired with 2 types of Bragg peak chambers: 34070 with 8-cm diameter and 34089 with 15-cm diameter (PTW), multi-layer ionization chamber with 12-cm diameter (Giraffe, IBA Dosimetry), and PeakFinder with 8-cm diameter (PTW). To assess geometric collection efficiency, the integral depth-dose curves of 8- and 12-cm chamber diameters were compared to a 15-cm chamber diameter as the largest detector.

Results

At intermediate depths of 130, 150, 190, and 220 MeV, PTW Bragg peak chamber type 34089 provided the highest integral depth-dose curves followed by IBA Giraffe, PTW Bragg peak chamber type 34070, and PTW PeakFinder. Moreover, PTW Bragg peak chamber type 34089 had increased geometric collection efficiency up to 3.8%, 6.1%, and 3.1% when compared to PTW Bragg peak chamber type 34070, PTW PeakFinder, and IBA Giraffe, respectively.

Conclusion

A larger plane-parallel ionization chamber could increase the geometric collection efficiency of the detector, especially at intermediate depths and high-energy proton beams.

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