Pavements—an important part of worldwide infrastructure—are exposed to increasing traffic loads, new tire and vehicle concepts, and climate change. The future design of durable pavement structures requires a deep knowledge of the interactions in the coupled system of vehicle, tire, and pavement and the structural behavior of each subsystem. This paper includes recent research results in the field of tire and pavement modeling and their interaction. Furthermore, the concept for a holistic analysis of the coupled vehicle-tire-pavement system for the design of durable pavements is presented.
For a realistic and numerical efficient computation of tire-pavement interaction that considers rolling contact, both subsystems are modeled using the finite element (FE) method based on an arbitrary Lagrangian Eulerian (ALE) formulation that includes inelastic material descriptions. Additionally, thermo-mechanical effects are considered for the tire computation. The base of the structural FE-ALE pavement model is the realistic numerical description of the elastic, viscous, and plastic behavior of asphalt mixes.
Although initial results in the field of tire-pavement interaction were reached, much research has to be carried out to gain deeper knowledge of the coupled vehicle-tire-pavement system that includes detailed models of the subsystems and their interaction, as well as experimental investigations. The research group FOR 2089 will deal with this topic and will take the different length and timescales in particular into account.