Not only in the automotive sector, but also in the field of aircraft tires, the topic of abrasion is of great importance. The aircraft tire manufacturers provide criteria for the permissible degree of wear. If these limits are exceeded, the tire must be replaced or retreaded. By this time, the tire should withstand as many takeoff and landing cycles as possible. Abrasion models should help to predict the wear behavior in preflight modeling.
At the Institute of Dynamics and Vibration Research, quasi-steady abrasion tests are performed using tread block samples from an aircraft tire. For various pressures and sliding speeds, the abrasion is determined by recording the mass loss of the rubber sample. Based on these measurement data, a wear model is derived as a function of coefficient of friction, contact pressure, and sliding speed for different ambient temperatures.
The well-known brush model forms the basis for the wear simulations. With parameters validated on the aircraft tire, such as contact length, stiffness, and friction coefficient, the resulting mechanical forces within the contact area are calculated. Finally, the classic brush model is extended by the abrasion calculation. The tire wear is determined during unsteady load and slip conditions by use of the quasi-steady wear maps derived from our experiments. Within a measurement campaign on the complete tire, the tread depth is measured after various driving maneuvers and is in good agreement with the simulation results.