Abstract

Uniaxial stress tests were conducted on composite specimens cut from two different locations on a bias tire carcass. These data together with cord data, the Halpin‐Tsai “micromechanics” equations, and the linear laminate constitutive equations are used to derive the in‐situ rubber modulus as a function of time and to check for consistency among the specimens tested. The main purpose of the first part of the study was to obtain constituent material properties for use in a finite element model of a tire. This model is then employed in the investigation of the influence of uniform rubber modulus on the shape of an inflated tire carcass, and it is concluded that the strain and time dependence of the rubber modulus will introduce some error in a tire structural analysis that uses linear elastic stress‐strain equations and permits geometric nonlinearity. It appears that the error will be minimal in a low strain region such as in the sidewall.

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