In order to clarify the contradictory mechanism between tire rolling resistance and grip performance, 10 205/55 R16 radial tires with different tread patterns were selected as the research objects. Based on digital image correlation method, the pressure and deformation distribution in the contact area of test tires were obtained and the relevant grounding parameters were extracted. The partial least square regression (PLSR) method was used to establish the relationship between the identified grounding parameters and tire performance indicators. Using the bootstrap resampling method, the significance test of the PLSR coefficients were carried out, and the grounding characteristic parameters with significant explanatory effect on the performances were selected, identifying the main function area for the two performances. The results show that in order to improve the grip performance of the tire, it is necessary to reduce the transverse tensile strain of the tread in the contact area and increase the longitudinal tensile strain of the tread; but, with the increase of the longitudinal tensile strain, the rolling resistance of the tire will also increase, which leads to the contradiction between tire rolling resistance and grip performance.