The aircraft tire is the link between the aircraft and the runway and transmits forces and moments within the contact area. During ground maneuvers, the tire is exposed to a wide range of operating conditions. The tires support the weight of the aircraft, they ensure safe rolling during taxiing, and they transfer the required forces to the runway during takeoff and landing. Temperature development during these maneuvers is of great importance because temperature can affect both material stiffness and friction behavior as well as wear characteristics. Heat is generated inside the tire due to energy dissipation caused by the cyclic loading of the tire during rolling. In addition, heat is generated due to friction in the tire–runway contact. Experimental measurements of the temperature distribution in the entire tire are not yet possible. The tire temperatures can only be determined at selected critical spots. Simulation models can help to obtain a better understanding of the overall tire temperature distribution during transient maneuvers. In this work, the transient thermomechanical processes of a rolling aircraft tire, e.g., directly following the touchdown process or during taxiing, are modeled based on a simple physical tire model. An extended brush model is used to simulate the contact forces. The tire temperature is determined via the transient heat conduction equation in radial and circumferential directions. The mechanical and thermal models are coupled via the coefficient of friction and the sliding velocities in contact. The free model parameters are parameterized using experimental data, and the overall model is validated by measurements on the whole tire. The validated thermomechanical tire model is used for simulations or the analysis of different driving maneuvers to get a better understanding of the temperature development in the aircraft tire.

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