This work presents a thermal-mechanical finite element analysis (FEA) of a typical heavy-duty radial truck tire on both drum and roadway. The calculated footprint pressures, strain energy density, and steady-state temperature distribution are compared between two cases. In addition to structural and thermal simulation techniques for obtaining stress, strain, and temperature distributions in the tire key areas, several material analysis techniques are also used to characterize the tire rubber materials. Temperature, frequency, and strain scan tests are conducted to obtain the dynamic mechanical properties of the tire rubbers of interest. Furthermore, the changes of the materials’ dynamic mechanical properties with fatigue have been investigated by testing tire materials before and after drum endurance tests. It has been found that different parts show different changing trends in dynamical properties after endurance tests, which might indicate different failure mechanisms. Combining the materials’ characterization techniques and thermal-mechanical FEA, this paper attempts to evaluate the tire shoulder failure mechanism and predict the relative shoulder endurance of an 11.00R20 truck tire.
Analysis for tire dynamic response rolling over an obstacle is important to study automobile NVH (Noise‐Vibration‐Harshness), determine vehicle fatigue load, investigate combined longitudinal and sideslip properties, and develop ABS system on uneven roads. Based on the model of Ring on the Elastic and Viscoelastic Foundation (REF) and its analytical solution previously developed, the rolling contact problem between tire/flat and tire/cleat is dealt with in this paper. The static contact problem is treated as the first step to show the effectiveness and accuracy of the model. Then, the time domain simulation of tire rolling contact on uneven roads is conducted. Meirovitch modal analysis method and first‐order matrix perturbation theory are applied to obtain the general forced response of damping REF vibration. An effective numerical quadrature method is developed to obtain the time‐varying modal coordinates of the system under various loading conditions. Numerical examples of a tire rolling over a cleat are given to verify the developed method. It is found that both damping and velocity have strong effects on tire response over a cleat and the frequency of dynamic load is mainly controlled by the first tire mode.
With the development of tire mechanics and computer technology, tire deformation, rolling resistance, and temperature distribution under rolling conditions may be predicted accurately through finite element analysis (FEA). Deep knowledge of tire fracture and failure behavior may also be obtained by FEA. During the past years, an in‐house finite element program has been developed in our research laboratory which can analyze the tire deformation, stress, and strain under the static inflation and footprint load conditions and can predict the tire rolling resistance and temperature distribution as well. This paper gives a brief description of the mathematical and mechanical foundations of the developed FEA code and the computing procedures, emphasizing the tire material loss model and the calculation procedure of strain energy release rate in tire fracture analysis. Two characteristics of the presented model compared with the published literature are the three‐dimensional anisotropic properties included in the loss model of cord‐rubber materials and a new VCCT (Virtual Crack Closure Technique), which is simple and physically direct, saves on the amount of computation, and is developed to compute the fields of strain energy release rates (Serrs) in the crack front to analyze tire fracture behavior.