Huggins and Pradel robust design model selection for demographic parameter estimates for Rana sierrae in four northern Sierra Nevada streams surveyed 2016–2018. K is the number of parameters in the model. AICc is the Akaike Information Criterion adjusted for small sample sizes. ΔAICc is the difference in AIC value from the parsimonious model. wi is the Akaike weight for comparing models. φ is apparent survival. f is recruitment. p is probability of capture. Only top models with cumulative weight of 95% are shown.