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Table 1.

Concentrations (ppm wet weight) of elements in whole blood of Northwestern Crows (Corvus caurinus) sampled in Alaska, USA, March 2007 to April 2008. Data are presented as mean±SE, median (minimum–maximum). For elements with some samples below detection limits, the minimum is presented as number of “nondetects” (ND). Boldface denotes significant differences (P<0.05) between groups (juveniles vs. adults without beak deformity; adults without vs. with beak deformity).

Concentrations (ppm wet weight) of elements in whole blood of Northwestern Crows (Corvus caurinus) sampled in Alaska, USA, March 2007 to April 2008. Data are presented as mean±SE, median (minimum–maximum). For elements with some samples below detection limits, the minimum is presented as number of “nondetects” (ND). Boldface denotes significant differences (P<0.05) between groups (juveniles vs. adults without beak deformity; adults without vs. with beak deformity).
Concentrations (ppm wet weight) of elements in whole blood of Northwestern Crows (Corvus caurinus) sampled in Alaska, USA, March 2007 to April 2008. Data are presented as mean±SE, median (minimum–maximum). For elements with some samples below detection limits, the minimum is presented as number of “nondetects” (ND). Boldface denotes significant differences (P<0.05) between groups (juveniles vs. adults without beak deformity; adults without vs. with beak deformity).

a Ag = silver; Al = aluminum; As = arsenic; B = boron; Ba = barium; Be = beryllium; Ca = calcium; Cd = cadmium; Co = cobalt; Cr = chromium; Cu = copper; Fe = iron; Hg = mercury; K = potassium; Li = lithium; Mg = magnesium; Mn = manganese; Mo = molybdenum; Na = sodium; Ni = nickel; P = potassium; Pb = lead; Sb = antimony; Se = selenium; Si = silicon; Sn = tin; Sr = strontium; Tl = thaladium; V = vanadium; Zn = zinc.

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