Little is known of the natural history of the Solomons Nightjar (Eurostopodus nigripennis) due to its restricted range and reclusive nature. Here we describe the breeding biology of E. nigripennis based on nests found in the Western Province, Solomon Islands, between June and October 2019. Four nests were discovered on 3 small islands: Tetepare, Hevai, and Nanakatopa; the latter 2 are first island records for this species. We observed all stages of the species' nesting cycle, from egg to post-fledging care of juveniles by adults, each with a single nestling (n = 4). We describe the eggs, nestlings, and juvenile plumage of the species with additional detail on nesting habitat and document new breeding locations in the Western Province.

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